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Flashcards in postural analysis Deck (31)
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1

list

overall tendency to favor their right or left

2

lean

regional tendency to break from an established baseline vertical

3

value of postural analysis

educates patient about postural distortions (may be the result of VSC) and imbalances, indicates area of biomechanical stress, insightful as to where VSC can be CHRONIC (Kinesiopathology), explains visually and logically the muscular causes of pain, indicator of pathology

4

anthropometry refers to

the measurement of the human individual

5

anterior view consists of

global list, head tilt, and thoracic tilt

6

global list - points of reference (anterior view)

sternum - baseline

7

head tilt - points of reference

glabella - nose - chin

8

thoracic tilt - points of reference

acromioclavicular joints - parallel grid line

9

shoulder separation can interfere with which postural observation?

thoracic tilt

10

lateral view consists of

global list, head carriage, thoracic kyphosis, thoracic rotation, lumbar lordosis

11

global list - reference points (lateral view)

AC - baseline/midfoot

12

head carriage - reference points

external acoustic meatus - AC

13

thoracic kyphosis detection

"rounded back appearance"

14

lumbar lordosis detection

"swayback"

15

thoracic kyphosis can be caused by:

osteoporotic compression fractures, injury (trauma), endocrine diseases, CT disorders, infection (tuberculosis), muscular dystrophy, polio, spina bidifa, tumors

16

symptoms of thoracic kyphosis

difficulty breathing (in severe cases), fatigue, mild back pain, round back appearance, tenderness and stiffness in the spine

17

lumbar lordosis can be caused by

chronic poor posture (muscle imbalance), injury (facet syndrome), ricketts (in children), abdominal visceral adiposity, pregnancy, degenerative disease

18

posterior view consists of

head rotation, head translation, scoliosis, pelvic tilt, pelvic rotation

19

points of reference for evaluating head rotation

facial prominence (jaw or cheek)

20

points of reference for evaluating head translation

EOP - VP

21

points of reference for evaluating scoliosis

spinous processes and scapulae

22

points of reference for evaluating pelvic tilt

iliac crests - PSIS's

23

points of reference for evaluating pelvic rotation

gluteal prominence

24

congenital scoliosis

due to vertebral malformation or fused ribs during development

25

neuromuscular scoliosis

caused by poor muscle tone, or paralysis due to disease such as cerebral palsy, muscular dystrophy, spina bidifa, or polio

26

idiopathic scoliosis is most common in

adolescents

27

scoliosis in most cases occurs in which gender?

girls

28

symptoms of scoliosis

difficulty breathing/compromised capacity, fatigue, mild back pain, altered curvatures, tenderness and stiffness in the spine, compromised visceral function

29

detection of scoliosis

scoliometer

30

procedure for using scoliometer

have patient bend forward, place scoliometer over mid-thoracic area, slightly below end of scapula and record degree measure. repeat scoliometer reading over mid-lumbar area (2 inches above iliac crest) and record degree measure