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Flashcards in Static Palpation Deck (29)
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1

what is the purpose of static palpation?

facilitate the analysis of soft or bony tissue structures within the body

2

static palpation is best ultilized...

after instrumentation

3

static palpation is a method of...

using one's hands to feel and assess several PARAMETERS that govern the mobility and health of tissues located near or on the body's surface

4

parameters involved in static palpation

osseous landmarks, topographic anatomy, sudoriferous changes, muscle tonicity/turgidity (edema), tissue prominency, palpatory tenderness

5

true or false: static palpation satisfies ALL components of the VSC

true

6

which elements of the PART system are involved with static palpation?

P (pain and tenderness), A (asymmetry), and T (tissue/tone changes)

7

sudoriferous changes: what would indicate ACUTE VSC

oily, greasy, slippery, sweaty, clammy, tacky texture

8

sudoriferous changes: what would indicate CHRONIC VSC

dry, scaly, flaky, rough skin texture

9

eccrine glands secrete

blood plasma metabolite called sweat for thermal regulation (secretory fxn)

10

sudoriferous changes are changes in...

localized skin moisture

11

what type of pressure is applied when assessing sudoriferous changes?

"tickling" the skin

12

what type of pressure is applied when assessing turgidity changes?

"eyeball" pressure

13

what type of pressure is applied when assessing surface tonicity?

"fingerprinting"

14

how would you define turgidity changes?

intrinsic pressure or resistance offered by a cell or tissue

15

what is associated with turgidity changes?

edema (accumulation of interstitial fluid under skin usually resultant to altered homeostasis, injury or inflammation)

16

inflammation associated with turgidity changes is known as?

"palpable sponginess"

17

how would you define surface tonicity?

changes in muscle tone perceived as contracture, spasm, tightness, fullness, or being rope-like

18

how would you define tissue prominency

palpable (bony) prominence in paravertebral gutter or spinous process

19

tissue prominency is due to?

osseous misalignment and facet prominence (z-joints)

20

how would you define palpatory tenderness?

pressure is firmly applied in an I-S and P-A direction on the spinous processes (brought into question by instrumentation findings). Then, bilateral L-M pressure is applied to the same spinous processes

21

areas involved with palpatory tenderness?

zygapophyseal joints, TRANSVERSE PROCESSES, costal articulations, mamillary processes, SPINOUS PROCESSES

22

pain upon any of these directional pressures (involved in palpatory tenderness) is indicative of .....

sclerotogenous pain that can be arising from articular or periosteal tissues

23

how would you define deep tonicity changes?

utilize thumb tip/thumb pad to firmly "strum" the paraspinal muscles in all regions of the spine

24

how would you define deep tonicity changes?

utilize thumb tip/thumb pad to firmly "strum" the paraspinal muscles in all regions of the spine

25

what is the primary consideration in deep tonicity changes?

tonicity change

26

what is the secondary consideration in deep tonicity changes?

pain

27

tonicity changes and pain are both indicators of ....

component part of VSC

28

findings while evaluating deep tonicity changes?

ropiness, tight, contracted, spasm, rigid, firm, or stiff

29

pain found during deep tonicity changes is termed?

myotogenous pain