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Flashcards in Poultry Deck (43):
1

What is the gross income (in billions) of poultry and eggs?

42 billion

2

What year will poultry production surpass pig production?

2020

3

How fast can chickens run?

9 miles per hour

4

what are poultry hobbyists?

not large in terms of economic value
comprise of a large and dedicated group of individuals

5

What are the industrial uses of eggs, feathers, and chicks?

-Pharmaceutical and vaccine production
-research (especially chicks)
-products: paints, varnishes, printing ink
-cushions, pillows, mattress, insulation material

6

What is a Hen?

- a matured turkey or chicken

7

How old is a Turkey Hen?

greater than 7 days of age, raised for meat or breeding purposes

8

How old is a chicken hen?

greater than 20 weeks old, raised for egg production

9

what is a pullet?

an immature female chick

10

What is a chick

a young chicken of either sex, from day 1 to 5-6 weeks old

11

What is a rooster?

a mature male chicken

12

What is a Tom?

a mature male turkey

13

what is a Gander?

a mature male goose

14

What is a Cockerel?

immature intact male chicken less than one year of age

15

What is a Capon?

it is a neutered male chicken produced for specialty meat markets (USDA = 4 months of age)

16

Poult

young turkey (male or female) from 1 day to 2 weeks

17

When and where was poultry domesticted?

3400 years ago in India and China

18

DNA testing proved that chickens descended from what animal?

Descended from the Red Jungle fowl (native to thailand

19

When did Poultry come the the US?

1500s to 1800s and were transported by European settlers

20

Do chickens prefer to be in individual cages or in groups?

individual cages
-prevents spread of diseases
-chickens can fight
-they prefer to have their own cages

21

Forced molting stated in 1932. What is it?

some feathers (partial molt) or all feathers (full molt) are shed and replaced, varies by species and season

22

During the 1940s-1960s, scientific, market, and policy changes lowered production costs. Why?

1. improved genetics
2. improved knowledge of nutritional requirements
3. Stable interior environments
4 improved disease control
5 Birth of Vertical Integration

23

What is economy of scale?

cost advantages obtained with cost per unit of output generally decreasing with increasing size as fixed costs are spread out over more units of output

24

What is Vertical Integration?

Coordination (usually single ownership) of the various levels of producing, processing, and distributing poultry

25

How many poultry companies produce 87% of egg production?

60 companies (organic 4.7%, cage free 8.5%)

26

Increased demand for poultry

1. health perception
2. convenience (processed or value added like ready to eat frozen foods)
3. fast food
4. low cost (67-78%of
5. live weight is edible)
6. exports 18% of U.S poultry production is exported

27

Can chickens fly?

Yes but not for long

28

What do poultry eat?

- they are omnivores (monogastric) diet is higher in concentrates -
- food is in mashed or pelleted form

29

broiler chicken is being marketed at how old?

5-9 weeks

30

How many eggs can a hen produced every year?

250 to 300 eggs per year

31

Why do people molt?

helps with the production of good eggs

32

Chicken Reproductive A and P

- 2 ovaries (right ovary tends to become nonfunctional)
-2 oviducts
- cloaca

33

Ovary

cluster of ova (yolks)
-each yolk is contained within a thin membranous follicle
-

34

Infundibulum

sperm reservior
site of fertilization
3-4 in

35

Magnum

15 in.

36

Uterus

"Shell gland"
shell spends about 21 hrs in uterus

37

Vagina

4 inch, cuticle added, muscle to move egg out

38

What is the difference between layer chicken and broiler chicken?

IDK ahhh

39

What is the difference between layer chicken and broiler chicken?

IDK ahhh

40

Salmonella

inside of egg was initially considered sterile untill eggs contaminated with salmonella enteritidis were identified
the infections occurred in the ovaries and was found in the yolk of the egg

41

Salmonella

- inside of egg was initially considered sterile until eggs contaminated with salmonella enteritidis were identified
- the infections occurred in the ovaries and was found in the yolk of the egg

42

What are the quantitative traits in poultry genetics?

influenced/inherited by many genes
- egg production potential
-egg size
-growth rate

43

What are the high heritability traits?

body weight, feed consumption, egg weight, egg shape/color