Power of Nobility Flashcards Preview

T) Henry VII 1 - Threats to his Rule > Power of Nobility > Flashcards

Flashcards in Power of Nobility Deck (11):
1

Why were the nobility a problem?

• Henry was a usurper - nothing stopped a noble from overthrowing him.
• Many owned very large amounts of land, which equals power.
• Many supported Richard III as he rewarded them.
• They could provide the leadership and sufficient force for a rebellion.

2

Why did Henry need the nobility?

• Henry was in exile for many years - he needed their advice and help to govern.
• They filled key offices.
• They ensured that the royal will was enforced in the localities.

3

How many peers were there at the beginning and end of Henry’s reign compared with Edward IV?

Edward: 42 -> 46
Henry: 50 -> 35

4

How many major peers were there at the beginning and end of Henry’s reign compared to Edward IV?

Edward: 7 -> 12
Henry: 16 -> 10

5

What was patronage?

Giving away positions of power, titles and land as a RESULT of hard work, not in the HOPE of hard work.

6

What was the Order of the Garter?

A title that gave prestige but not power.

7

What were the King’s Council and Great Council?

King’s Council: Sign of great trust
Great Council: Hard for nobles to criticise actions retrospectively if they agreed to a policy.

8

What were Acts of Attainder?

A family would lose the right to possess or inherit land, which caused economic and social ruin. It was REVERSIBLE.

9

What were bonds and recognisances?

Bonds: A sum was agreed to pay if a promise was not carried out.
Recognisances: Acknowledgement of a debt or obligation.

10

What were the five types of feudal dues?

•Warship: Took control of the estates of minors; exploited to maximise crown income.
• Marriage: Profit from arranged marriages of heirs.
• Livery: King paid to recover land from wardship.
• Relief: Received money as land was inherited.
• Escheats: Payments made when land was reverted to the crown.

11

How much wealthier was the crown at the end of Henry VII’s reign than Henry VI?

5 times more land. Land = power