Flashcards in Practice Test 4 Problems Deck (13):

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The passage as a whole characterizes Babbitt

as

(A) immoral and sneaky

(B) hardworking but superficial

(C) light-hearted and whimsical

(D) intellectual but underappreciated

(E) inconsistent and mercurial

### One of Babbitt's virtues as a real-estate broker (line 9) is said to be his diligence (line 13) or hard work. THe passage also discusses the superficiality of Babbitt's knowledge in lines 20-27, the superficiality of his morality in lines 29-38, and the superficiality of his civic concern in the final paragraph.

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MATH- SOLVING EQUATIONS

A certain number, b, is quadrupled. The

result is then subtracted from three times

the number, p. What is the result if that

difference is subtracted from y?

(A) y þ 3p þ 4b

(B) y þ 3p 2 4b

(C) y 2 3p 2 4b

(D) y 2 3p þ 4b

(E) 3p 2 4b 2 y

###
D. When b is quadrupled, it becomes 4b. Three times the value of p is 3p. WHen 4b is subtracted from 3p, te difference is (3p-4b) When that difference is subtracted from y, the result is:

y- (3p-4b)

DISTRIBUTE y-3p+4p

CHapter 9 Lesson 1 SOLVING EQUATIONS

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MATH: Triangles

The three sides of a triangle have lengths of 6,

10, and w. Which of the following could be

the area of the triangle?

I. 12

II. 30

III. 45

(A) I only

(B) II only

(C) I and II only

(D) II and III only

(E) I, II, and III

###
C. Consider the side of length 6 to be the base, and "attach" the side of length 12. Notice that the traingle has the greatest possible height when the to sides form a right angle. Therefore, the greatest possible area of such a triangle is 1/2(6)(10)=30 and the minimum possible area is 0 Roman numerals I and II are possible,

Chapter 11 Lesson 2 Triangles

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For the blind, ---- is of heightened improtance since their sense of smell provides them with distinct impressions of their surrounding environment.

(A) olfaction

(B) abstinence

(C) pungency

(D) gustation

(E) mastication

###
A Those who are blind rely on their sense of

smell [to provide] them with ... impressions of their

surrounding environment. The word should be one

that describes the sense of smell. olfaction ¼ sense

of smell; abstinence ¼ the act of refraining from

activity; pungent ¼ sharp taste or odor; gustation ¼

sense of taste; mastication ¼ chewing

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Passage 2

Primitive man lived in a world of fear. He

reacted to most natural phenomena such as

weather events based on that fear.

He eventually attributed many life events to

55 his instinctive knowledge of a higher being or

power. In his primitive mind, life and death

events were the acts of spirits. Since he was not

able to see or sense these spirits, he lived in a

world of terror.

60 In an effort to enact some type of truce with

these “gods” or “spirits,” man devised charms,

ceremonies and rituals to placate these spirits.

Although we may find ancient burial

customs to be strange or in some cases

65 repugnant, they obviously arose for a reason.

The first burial customs, then, were crude

efforts to protect the living from the spirits

which caused the death of the person. Fear of

the dead caused the burning of bodies to

70 destroy evil spirits.

Many primitive tribes even today simply run

away from their dead, leaving them to rot.

Zoroastrians similarly allow their dead to

simply rot or be devoured by vultures. They

75 consider fire to be too sacred to be put to use

disposing of the dead, and burial is thought to

be a defilement and injury to mother earth.

Others place the body deep in the jungle to

be devoured by wild beasts. In Tibet and among

80 the Kamchatkan Indians, dogs are used for this

purpose because they believe that those eaten

by dogs will be better off in the other world.

Herodotus tells us that the Calatians ate

their own dead. It was considered a sacred

85 honor and duty of the family. Queen Artemisia

supposedly mixed the ashes of her beloved with

wine and drank it. To this day, certain African

tribes are known to grind the bones of their

dead and mingle them with their food.

90 The Zulus burn all of the belongings of the

deceased to prevent the evil spirits from even

hovering in the vicinity. Some tribes would set

up a ring of fire around the bodies of their dead

to singe the wings of the spirits and prevent

95 them from attacking other members of the

community. Other tribes would throw spears

and arrows into the air to kill hovering spirits or

would eat bitter herbs to drive away or kill

spirits that may have already invaded their

100 bodiesB44 The final paragraph of Passage 2 emphasizes

which aspect of the spirit world?

(A) its benevolence

(B) its immortality

(C) its malevolence

(D) its omnipresence

(E) its wisdom

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44. C This paragraph discusses those funerary

practices that are used to prevent evil spirits from

hovering (line 92) or attacking (line 95) and to drive

away spirits that have already invaded (line 99).

These terms suggest the malevolence of the spirit

world.

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The oldest, most numerous, and most

imposing relics of our ancestors are funerary.

At different times and places the dead bodies of

20 human beings have been honored in an

amazing variety of ways. They have been buried

in graves or in tombs or under tumuli or inside

GO ON TO THE NEXT PAGE ÅÅÅ

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CHAPTER 14 / PRACTICE PSAT 4 489pyramids. They have been burnt on pyres, and

the ashes have been preserved in urns or have

25 been scattered to the winds. They have even

been exposed to be eaten by carrion birds or by

scavenging wild animals—not because they

were held in honor, but because earth, fire, and

water were held in still greater honor, and these

30 elements were thought to be defiled and

dishonored by contact with a human corpse.

B45 The description of funerary rites in lines

21–31 accounts for the practices of which

of the following discussed in Passage 2?

I. the Calatians

II. the Zoroastrians

III. Queen Artemisia

(A) I only

(B) II only

(C) I and II only

(D) II and III only

(E) I, II, and III

### B. The CAlatians and Queen Artemisia consumed their dead, a practice which is no discussed in Passage 1. The Zorostrians, on the other hand, left their dead to scavengers, which is a practice discussed in lines 21-31 of Passage 1.

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If r and s are positive integers and r , s, how

many integer pairs (r, s) satisfy the equation

4r þ 5s , 30 ?

###
6 r and s must be positive integers. Use trial

and error to plug in numbers and find out how

many pairs will work given the rules of the question.

4r þ 5s , 30

r ¼ 1 4(1) þ 5s , 30

Subtract 4: 5s , 26

s could be 2, 3, 4, or 5

r ¼ 2 4(2) þ 5s , 30

Subtract 8: 5s , 22

CHAPTER 14 / PRACTICE PSAT 4 513

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On a blueprint that is drawn to scale, the

drawing of a rectangular garden has the

dimensions 10 inches by 14 inches. If the

shorter side of the garden measures 25 feet,

what is the perimeter of the actual garden?

###
120

14 in

10 in

x ft

25 ft

The shorter side of the garden measures 25 feet in

length and is represented on the map as 10 inches.

The longer side of the garden would be represented

by the 14-inch side on the map.

Set up a proportion: 10 inches

25 feet ¼ 14 inches

x feet

Cross-multiply: 10x ¼ 350

Divide by 10: x ¼ 35

To find the perimeter, add up all the sides:

35 þ 25 þ 35 þ 25 ¼ 120

(Chapter 11 Lesson 5: Areas and Perimeters)

(Chapter 8 Lesson 4: Ratios and Proportions)

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For all integers m and n greater than 1,

let m A n represent the sum of all of the

common factors of m and n. What is the

value of (24 A 36) A (33 A 44)?

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38. 7 We are told that m A n ¼ the sum of all of the

common factors of m and n. To solve this question,

first find out the value of (24 A 36):

Factors of 24: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24

Factors of 36: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 9, 12, 18, 36

Therefore (24 A 36) ¼ 1 þ 2 þ 3 þ 4 þ 6 þ 12 ¼ 28

Next, find out the value of (33 A 44):

Factors of 33: 1, 3, 11, 33

Factors of 44: 1, 2, 4, 11, 22, 44

Therefore (33 A 44) ¼ 1 þ 11 ¼ 12

Finally, find out the value of (28 A 12):

Factors of 28: 1, 2, 4, 7, 14, 28

Factors of 12: 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 12

Therefore (28 A 12) ¼ 1 þ 2 þ 4 ¼ 7

(Chapter 10 Lesson 1: New Symbol or Term

Problems)

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Neither of the boy scouts appreciated the historical significance of their climb to the top of the mountain.

A. Neither of the boy scouts appreciated the historical significance of their climb to the top of the mountain.

B. Neither of the boy scouts had appreciated the historical significance of his climbing to the top of the mountain.

C. Neither boy scout would be appreciating the historical signifcance of their clmb to the top of the mountain.

D. Neither boy scout having climbed the mountain appreciated the historical significance of it.

E. Neither of the boy scouts that climbed the mountain appreciated the significance of it.

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x7. D The use of the passive voice in the original

phrasing does not make it clear who is remembering.

Choice (D) is the only one that uses the proper tense

and voice to convey the idea clearl

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Research has

A

indicated that an infant’s

environment has a crucial effect

B

on brain

development; the more stimulation a baby

receives, the more

C

synaptic connections are

formed in the brain, which

D

contributes to

greater intellectual ability later in life.No error

E

### 24. E The sentence is correct

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When Maria returned home from the amusement park, she wrote down in her diary everything that she did that afternoon

A WHen

B from the

C she wrote

D she did

E No error.

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30. D Because Maria wrote in her diary after she

had gone to the amusement park, the verb should

be she had done.

(Chapter 13 Lesson 9: Tricky Tenses)

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