Practices-PH-Epidemiology of infectious diseases Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Practices-PH-Epidemiology of infectious diseases Deck (16)
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1

Number of newly diagnosed cases of a disease within a specific population during a specific time.

Incidence

2

A measure of the burden of a health condition in a population it is the number of persons in a population who have a given disease or attribute a particular point in time over a specific time or specific period of time over a lifetime (total number of cases new and old)

Prevalence

3

Consistently transmitted disease within a population (malaria in Africa)

Endemic

4

When only a few scattered cases occurred (ie. bubonic plague, Yosemite fleas)

Sporadic

5

Outbreak of a disease in a population that gives rise to a higher than expected number of cases (ie. Ebola in Africa)

Epidemic

6

An epidemic occurring on more than one continent (1918 flu /swine flu)

Pandemic

7

The first case of a disease in a given area or Population

Index case

8

A disease condition or state sickness the incidence of a disease within a population

Morbidity

9

Death; cessation of life

Mortality

10

Measure of infectivity; the proportion of those exposed that develop infection (ie. Noto virus on a cruise ship; # of sick / total # of passengers on board)

Attack rate

11

Rapid emergence of a disease in the specific population or geographical area

Outbreak

12

Acquired by patients or staff in a healthcare facility (healthcare acquired infection)

Nosocomial infections

13

Acquired from the healthcare environment such as air conditioners or bedrails

Exogenous

14

Derived from normal microiota that becomes opportunistic while the patient is in the healthcare setting (internal cause of origin)

Endogenous

15

A healthcare induced injury disease or condition (caused by the healthcare setting)

Iatrogenic

16

An injury disease or condition for which the cause is not determinable

Idiopathic