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Flashcards in Principles-research Deck (23)
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1

A written report on details of a series of related cases

Case series

2

A written report on the details of a single case

Case study

3

Research that addresses issues directly related to patient care

Clinical research

4

A prospective longitudinal experiment designed to assess the comparative efficacy or effectiveness of a treatment, often labeled a randomized clinical trial(gold standard)if random assignment of subjects is made to each of the comparison treatment groups

Clinical trial

5

I defined group of people observed over a period of time

Cohort

6

A comparison group assignment in a clinical trial that receives no treatment a placebo treatment or an alternate treatment

Control group

7

Measurements taken at one moment in time

Cross-sectional studies

8

An experiment in which patients in other doctors or outcome assessors are blinded

Double-blind study

9

A general or statistical expression of how Often a condition or disease occurs

Frequency

10

A measure of agreed-upon accuracy and validity

Gold standard

11

The proportion of a clearly defined group initially free of a condition that develops it over a period of time

Incidence

12

The consistency of a measure of the resort between different practitioners evaluating the same thing

Interobserver reliability

13

The consistency in which one practitioner can consistently arrive at the same result

Intraobserver reliability

14

A study in which the researcher observes events as they occur naturally or in the course of a normal practice without attempting to influence them

Observational study

15

The proportion of the population of having a particular condition or outcome at a given moment

Prevalence

16

Study that follows overtime a group of similar individuals (cohorts) who would differ with respect to certain factors under study to determine how these factors affect rates of a certain outcome

Prospective study

17

Prospective of longitudinal study in which patients are divided into two or more groups of a randomized basis

Randomize control

18

Consistency of a measurement when repeated (reproducibility)

Reliability

19

Also called his stork whole heart study generally means to take a look back at events that have already taken place example medical records

Retrospective study

20

Proportion of times a diagnostic study is correct in patients without a specific diagnosis

Sensitivity

21

Study in which the patients are blinded as to whether they are in the experimental group or the comparison group

Single-blind study

22

The proportion of times a diagnostic procedure is positive in a patient with a specific diagnosis

Specificity

23

Degree to which in the observation or measurement provides an indication of a true state of the phenomena been measured

Validity