Preludes, Book 1, No. 2 Voiles Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Preludes, Book 1, No. 2 Voiles Deck (105):
0

What was the first musical era?

The Middle Ages also known as the Medieval period

1

What organization took the lead in develping a new notational system?

The Catholic Church

2

Why did the Catholic Church want to develop a new notational system?

So they could standardize music across the far-flung Holy Roman Empire

3

What movement caused the power of the Church to wane?

Humanism

4

When was the Renaissance Period?

1400 to 1600

5

When is the end of the Baroque era placed?

At around 1750

6

What happened in the year 1750?

The noted composer Johann Sebastian Bach died marking the end of the Baroque Period

7

What was the era after the Classical era?

The Romantic period

8

What does the word Baroque mean?

Misshapen or distorted

9

When did the modern era begin?

At the start of the 20th centruy

10

What were the two styles that composers argued over at the start of the Baroque period?

Antique style and Modern style

11

The trend of people demanding old favorites lead to what term?

Canon

12

What does classical music with a lower case c refer to?

Art music from any era

13

Whose music is characterized as post-Romantic?

Gustav Mahler, Richard Strauuss, Ralph Vaughan Williams and Sergei Rachmaninoff

14

What is the rich array of timbres in post-Romantic music referred to as?

Tone colors

15

What European born conductor was conductor of the Philadelphia Orchestra?

Leoplod Stokowski (1882-1977)

16

Americans tended to hire orchestra coductors from what region?

Europe

17

When was Peabody founded and where?

1857 in Baltimore

18

What music school located in Boston was established in 1867?

Boston's New England Conservvatory

19

When did Juilliard School open its doors and where?

In New YOrk in 1905 as the Institute of Musical Artt

20

What new instruments were produced in the 19th century?

The saxophone, piccolo, and tuba

21

What had wires been iinitially used for in the 19th century?

Long-distance communication via the telegraph and the telphone

22

What Italian inventor achieved a breakthrough in wireless technology?

Guglielmo Marconi (1874 to 1937)

23

When was speech transmitted for the first time?

December 23, 1900

24

Who presented the first public radio broadcasts on January 12 and 13, 1900?

Lee De Forest

25

What did Lee De Forest transmit as the first public radio broadcasts and what singer was featured?

Two performances of New York's Metropolitan Opera with the voice of Enrico Caruso (1873 to 1921)

26

What disaster caused the Radio Act of 1912?

The 1912 Titanic disaster

27

What was the nearest ship to receive the Titanic's distress signal but ignore it because the radio operator was off-duty?

S.S. Californian

28

What were the two main requirements of the Radio Act of 1912?

That all seagoing vessels needed to hire enough radio operators so that distress frequencies could be monitored continuously and all U.S> radio stations needed to be licensed by the U.S. government

29

When did The Department of Commerce shut down all private radio operations in the United States?

April 7, 1917

30

When was private radio operations restored by the Department of Commerce

1920

31

What was the first song recorded onto tinfoil in 1877 by Thomas Edison?

Mary Had a Little Lamb

32

What did Edison initially view his phonograph as useful for?

As a dictation machine for use in business offices

33

What invention did Edison swap the phonograph for?

His electric light

34

What machine did Columbia introduce at the same time Edison was marketing his phonograph?

The graphophone

35

What device followed the graphophone?

The gramophone

36

What style of disks were common in affluent houses by 1910?

78 rpm discs

37

What symphony did the Berlin Philharmonic record in 1913?

Fifth Symphony by Beethoven

38

How many discs did the Fifth Symphony by Beethoven require?

8 discs bound in an album

39

How much did Enrico Caruso make on average per year from 1904 to 1920?

115,000

40

What manufacturer produced a trennch model gramophone for th efront line?

Decca

41

What grieving musician found solace in the gramophone after his brother was killed in 1916?

Arthur Bliss

42

What corporal experienced a bombardment with his gramophone?

Corporal A.D> Pankhurst

43

What English battery commander used a record containing defiant anti-German songs as an assault weapon in 1918?

Captain Parrish

44

Who was the German lieutenant who captured Captain Parrish's trench and his gramophone?

Ernst Junger

45

What American recorded more than two thousands Native American melodies?

Frances Densomore

46

What was the problem with early recording machines and folk music?

That it had to be shortened or performed much quicker than usual because of the limited amount of time on the recording

47

What new term was developed to describe the work of musicians recording traditional folk melodies?

Ehtnomusicology

48

Who were two Hungarian scholars and composers?

Zoltan Kodaly and Bela Bartok

49

What machine did Edison unveil in 1891?

The Kinetoscope

50

What was the Kinetoscope?

A machine that allowed one person at a time to view silent images

51

What was a Kinetophone?

A Kinetoscope cabinet equipped with a phonograph so a person could hear music through headphones

52

What was the problem with early films?

That they were silent

53

How was music provided during silent films?

Provided by lie musicians

54

What was the coordination of a phonograph or gramophone with the projector known as?

Sound on disc technology

55

When did American inventor Lee De Forest and others perfect a vacuum tube that permit a louder sound amplification?

In the 1920's

56

Sound with films had to wait until the development of what technology?

Vacuum tubes

57

What were short films with sound known as?

Shorts

58

What was the first feature film with spoken dialogue?

The Jazz Singer (1927)

59

Who called Erik Satie's music shapeless and that it lacked form?

Claude Debussy

60

What did Erik Satie write in response to Debussy's criticism of his music?

Three Pieces in the Form of a Pear (1903)

61

Who would become famous for his drip paintings where he poured or threw paint over his canvas?

Jackson Pollack

62

What composer achieved notoriety for works such as The Tides of Manaunaun (1912)

Henry Cowell

63

What did Henry Cowell use in The Tides of Manaunauun?

Tone clusters where blocks of sound are produced by using the fist or even the entire forearm

64

What painting started the Impressionist movement?

Impression: Sunrise

65

Who painted Impression Sunrise?

Claude Monet

66

What French artists were experimenting with Impressionism?

Eduord Manet, Edgar Dea and Pierre-Auguste Renoir

67

What English painter was a pioneer of Impressionism?

J.M.W. Turner

68

What were the Impressionists paintings?

Landscapes

69

What were Impressionist fascinated by?

Depicting the effects of light

70

What critic claimed that Wallpaper was better than Monet's painting?

Louis Leroy

71

What art critic said that Impressionists rendered the sensation produced by the landscape?

Jule-Antoine Castagnary

72

What was the form of Impressionist pieces?

Vague and inexact with common floating sensations

73

What was the harmony of Impressionism based on?

Common practice tonality but with more added pitches

74

How many half steps are in the whole tone scale?

None

75

What is the effect of no half steps?

There is no natural pull to the tonic

76

What French poetry movement has parallels with Impressionism?

Symbolism

77

WHo were Symbolist poets?

Charles Baudelaire, Stephane Mallarme, Paul Verlaine and Albert Giraud from Belgium

78

What did Symbolist poetry emphasize imagery over?

Narrative structure

79

What was one of the most famous Impressionist compositions?

Debussy's Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun

80

What is Prelude to the Afternoon of a Faun based on?

A symbolist poem by Mallarme

81

What Frenchman also wrote Impressionist pieces?

Maurice Ravel

82

What woman wrote Impressionist pieces?

Lili Boulanger

83

What awad did Lili Boulanger win?

The Prix de Rome

84

What Italian used Impressionist ideas in Fountains of Rome (1916)?

Ottorino Respighi 1879-1936

85

What English composer living in France also wrote Impressionist pieces?

Frederick Delius, 1862-1934

86

Who helped introduce Impressionist ideas to the United States?

Charles Griffes 1884 to 1920

87

What piece form Roman Sketches of 1915-16 helped introduce Impressionist ideas to the United States?

The White Peacock

88

What term did Debussy prefer to Impressionism?

Realities

89

How many books of Preludes are there?

Two

90

How many works are in each book of Preludes

A dozen works for solo piano

91

What are the two most famous Preludes?

The Sunken Cathedral and The Girl with the Flaxen Hair

92

What kind of pieces are Preludes?

Character piece

93

When were character pieces become popular?

The Romantic period

94

What is the word prelude a reference to?

Preludes and Fugues composed by J.S. Bach

95

Who challenged listeners expectations by putting together entire sets of character pieces that he labeled preludes?

Frederick Chopin

96

Where did Debussy put the title of each Prelude?

At the end of each piece

97

What could voiles mean?

The veil or the sail

98

Who was Debussy making a tribute to with his preludes?

Frederick Chopin

99

What is the structure of Voiles?

ABA or ternary

100

How many motifs does Debussy craft from a whole tone scale in the opening of the prelude of Voiles?

Three

101

What scale does Debussy use for the middle portion of Voiles?

A pentatonic scale

102

What is a glissando?

A rapid gesture that resembles the sweeping motion of a harp

103

Who was Debussy's teacher?

Ernst Guiraud

104

What composer observed that each stroke of a French composers brush is of vital importance?

Maurice Ravel