Flashcards in Preludes, Book 1, No. 2 Voiles Deck (105)
What was the first musical era?
The Middle Ages also known as the Medieval period
What organization took the lead in develping a new notational system?
The Catholic Church
Why did the Catholic Church want to develop a new notational system?
So they could standardize music across the far-flung Holy Roman Empire
What movement caused the power of the Church to wane?
When was the Renaissance Period?
1400 to 1600
When is the end of the Baroque era placed?
At around 1750
What happened in the year 1750?
The noted composer Johann Sebastian Bach died marking the end of the Baroque Period
What was the era after the Classical era?
The Romantic period
What does the word Baroque mean?
Misshapen or distorted
When did the modern era begin?
At the start of the 20th centruy
What were the two styles that composers argued over at the start of the Baroque period?
Antique style and Modern style
The trend of people demanding old favorites lead to what term?
What does classical music with a lower case c refer to?
Art music from any era
Whose music is characterized as post-Romantic?
Gustav Mahler, Richard Strauuss, Ralph Vaughan Williams and Sergei Rachmaninoff
What is the rich array of timbres in post-Romantic music referred to as?
What European born conductor was conductor of the Philadelphia Orchestra?
Leoplod Stokowski (1882-1977)
Americans tended to hire orchestra coductors from what region?
When was Peabody founded and where?
1857 in Baltimore
What music school located in Boston was established in 1867?
Boston's New England Conservvatory
When did Juilliard School open its doors and where?
In New YOrk in 1905 as the Institute of Musical Artt
What new instruments were produced in the 19th century?
The saxophone, piccolo, and tuba
What had wires been iinitially used for in the 19th century?
Long-distance communication via the telegraph and the telphone
What Italian inventor achieved a breakthrough in wireless technology?
Guglielmo Marconi (1874 to 1937)
When was speech transmitted for the first time?
December 23, 1900
Who presented the first public radio broadcasts on January 12 and 13, 1900?
Lee De Forest
What did Lee De Forest transmit as the first public radio broadcasts and what singer was featured?
Two performances of New York's Metropolitan Opera with the voice of Enrico Caruso (1873 to 1921)
What disaster caused the Radio Act of 1912?
The 1912 Titanic disaster
What was the nearest ship to receive the Titanic's distress signal but ignore it because the radio operator was off-duty?
What were the two main requirements of the Radio Act of 1912?
That all seagoing vessels needed to hire enough radio operators so that distress frequencies could be monitored continuously and all U.S> radio stations needed to be licensed by the U.S. government