Prenatal Infections Flashcards Preview

Pediatrics > Prenatal Infections > Flashcards

Flashcards in Prenatal Infections Deck (12):
1

General Theme

higher risk and incidence of small gestational age, hepatosplenomegaly, congenital dfects, microcephaly, and intracranial calcifications

2

Toxoplasmosis

ingestion of oocytes from feces of cats (litter box)
- ASYMPTOMATIC
microcephaly, hydrocephalus, intracranial calcifications, choreoretinitis, and seizures

3

Rubella

rare due to vaccine
Congenital Rubella Syndrome
- meningioencephalitis, microcephaly, cataracts, sensorineural hearing loss, PDA, pulmonary artery stenosis

4

Cytomegalovirus

1% of newborn, maternal infection has 50% risk of infection
5% have neuro deficits
Transmitted through blood and breast milk
Intrauterine growth retardation, low birth weight, petechiae, purpura, jaundice, hepatosplenomegaly, microcephaly, choreoretinitis

5

Alcohol toxin

most common prenatal toxin - amount consumed correlates with degree of toxin
FAS - microcephaly, mental retardation, IUGR, facial defects

6

Cocaine

maternal hypertension and constriction of maternal circulation
- associated with spontaneous abortion, placental abruption, fetal distress, IUGR, low APGAR
- intracranial hemorrhages, necrotizing enterocolitis
- infant withdrawal

7

Narcotics

IUGR, SIDS, withdrawal

8

Tobaco

low birth weight

9

Phenytoin

IUGR, mental retardation, nail dysplasia, phalange malformation

10

Tetracycline

tooth discoloration and bone formation

11

Accutane

hydrocephalus, microtia, micrognathia, aortic arch abnormalities

12

Warfarin

abnormal cartilage development, mental retardation, deafness, and blindness