Prescription - First line antibiotics Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Prescription - First line antibiotics Deck (44)
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1
Q

Moraxella catarrhalis

A

TMP-SMZ

Cephalosporin (second- or third-generation)

2
Q

Neisseria gonorrhoeae

A

Ceftriaxone

Cefixime

3
Q

Neisseria meningitides

A

Penicillin G

4
Q

E coli, Klebsiella, Proteus

A

Cephalosporin (first- or second- generation)

TMP-SMZ

5
Q

Enterobacter, Citrobacter, Serratia

A

TMP-SMZ
Quinolone
Carbapenem

6
Q

Shigella

A

Quinolone

7
Q

Salmonella

A

Quinolone

Ceftriaxone

8
Q

Campylobacter jejuni

A

Erythromycin

Azithromycin

9
Q

Brucella species

A

Doxycycline + Rifampin

Aminoglycoside

10
Q

Helicobacter pylori

A

Proton pump inhibitor + Amoxicillin + Clarithromycin

11
Q

Vibrio species

A

Tetracycline

12
Q

Pseudomonas aeruginosa

A

Antipseudomonal penicillin ± Aminoglycoside

13
Q

Legionella species

A

Azithromycin

Quinolone

14
Q

Streptococcus pneumoniae

A

Penicillin

15
Q

Streptococcus pyogenes

A

Penicillin

Clindamycin

16
Q

Streptococcus agalactiae

A

Penicillin (± aminoglycoside)

17
Q

Viridans streptococci

A

Penicillin

18
Q

Staphylococcus aureus (β-Lactamase negative)

A

Penicillin

19
Q

Staphylococcus aureus (β-Lactamase positive)

A

Penicillinase-resistant penicillin

20
Q

Staphylococcus aureus (Methicillin-resistant)

A

Vancomycin

21
Q

Enterococcus species

A

Penicillin ± Aminoglycoside

22
Q

Bacillus species (non-anthracis)

A

Vancomycin

23
Q

Listeria species

A

Ampicillin (± aminoglycoside)

24
Q

Nocardia species

A

Sulfadiazine

TMP-SMZ

25
Q

Clostridium difficile

A

Metronidazole

26
Q

Bacteroides fragilis

A

Metronidazole

27
Q

Mycobacterium tuberculosis

A

Isoniazid + Rifampin + Ethambutol + Pyrazinamide

28
Q

Mycobacterium leprae (Multibacillary)

A

Dapsone + Rifampin + Clofazimine

29
Q

Mycobacterium leprae (Paucibacillary)

A

Dapsone + Rifampin

30
Q

Mycoplasma pneumoniae

A

Tetracycline

Erythromycin

31
Q

Chlamydia trachomatis

A

Tetracycline

Azithromycin

32
Q

Chlamydia pneumoniae

A

Tetracycline

Erythromycin

33
Q

Borrelia recurrentis

A

Doxycycline

34
Q

Borrelia burgdorferi (Early and Late)

A

Early: Doxycycline, amoxicillin
Late: Ceftriaxone

35
Q

Leptospira species

A

Penicillin

36
Q

Treponema species

A

Penicillin

37
Q

Aspergillus species

A

Voriconazole

38
Q

Blastomyces species

A

Amphotericin B

39
Q

Candida species

A

Amphotericin B

Echinocandin

40
Q

Cryptococcus

A

Amphotericin B ± Flucytosine

41
Q

Coccidioides immitis

A

Amphotericin B

42
Q

Histoplasma capsulatum

A

Amphotericin B

43
Q

Mucoraceae (Rhizopus, Absidia)

A

Amphotericin B

44
Q

Sporothrix schenckii

A

Amphotericin B

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