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Flashcards in Presidency Deck (101)
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1

What are the powers of the President? [10]

Propose legislation
Submit the annual budget to Congress
Sign legislation
Veto legislation
Act as chief executive
Nominate executive branch officials
Nominate federal judges
Act as Commander in Chief
Negotiate treaties
Pardon

2

How did Obama use his 2014 State of the Union?

Pledge to raise the minimum wage, and further advance healthcare reform

3

What led to the government shutdown of 2013?

Ted Cruz attempted to de fund Obamacare

4

Which widower attended the signing of Obamacare?

Senator Edward Kennedys wife

5

Which Obama veto was overridden in 2016?

A bill that would've allowed 9/11 victims to sue the Saudi Government

6

How many executive departments are there?

15

7

Which two Supreme Court appointments did Obama make in his first term?

Elena Kagan
Sonia Sotomayer

8

Why must the President keep the Senate in treaty negotiations?

They ratify them by a 2/3s majority so they must avoid embarrassment

9

How many people did Clinton pardon on his last day in office?

140

10

What is the main factor in choosing a Vice President?

Balanced ticket
Kaine balanced Clintons ticket in terms of Gender
Pence balanced Trump ideologically and with political experience

11

Which amendment allows the President to appoint a new Vice?

25th

12

How many times has the President chosen a new Vice?

Twice
Nixon chose Ford in 1973
Ford then chose Rockefeller in 1974

13

What are the powers of the Vice President? [5]

Presiding officer of the Senate
Break a tied vote in the Senate
Announce outcomes of presidential elections
Become President if the current one resigns or dies
Stand as acting president if the current one is declared disabled

14

Who is the current President Pro Tempore?

Orrin Hatch

15

Who did Pence cast a deciding vote for in 2017?

Education Secretary Betsy de Vos

16

How many times between 1981 and Jan 09 did the Vice cast a deciding vote?

19

17

How many times has the Vice become the President and in what circumstance?

- 4 following assassinations
- 4 following natural death
- Once following Nixons resignation

18

Why has the Vice Presidency become more important?

- Federal government growth gave the Vice President more people to control
- Some have taken on legislative roles such as Biden with Obamacare
- Some became key spokesmen for their administration, such as Gore on environmental issues and Cheney on foreign policy

19

How many years of political experience did Joe Biden have?

36

20

What was Bidens key role as Vice President?

Convincing Senators to support the administration
- Issues such as Obamacare, Tax Relief and the Unemployment Reauthorisation Act

21

What is the federal bureaucracy?

The unelected administrative part of the executive branch of the federal government, made up of departments, agencies and commissions that carry out policy on a day to day basis

22

How many people were in the federal bureaucracy in 2014?

2.6 million

23

What 4 categories can the federal bureaucracy be split into?

Executive departments
Executive agencies
Independent Regulatory Commissions
Government Corporations

24

What are executive agencies?

Similar to departments, but the heads aren't members of the cabinet

25

What are IRC's?

Administratively independent organisations to be protected to from direct presidential control
- Might regulate railways, airlines, federal elections etc.

26

What are the 3 functions of the federal bureaucracy?

Executing Laws
Creating rules
Adjudication

27

What does the federal government do in terms of adjudication?

In executing and creating rules, disputes arise. One party may believe a law isn't being applied rigorously, whereas another will consider its application unfair

28

What is the spoils system?

A system by which government jobs are awarded to political supporters and friends rather than on merit eg. Rex Tillerson

29

In 2010, what proportion of the federal bureaucracy was Female?

44%

30

What are the 4 issues of the federal bureaucracy?

Agencies serve the interests of those they are overseeing
Agencies seek to expand their power at the expense of other agencies
Narrowly focused on their goals rather than the administrations as a whole
Most agencies act slowly and cautiously, often resisting change