Flashcards in Presidency Deck (101)
What are the powers of the President? 
Submit the annual budget to Congress
Act as chief executive
Nominate executive branch officials
Nominate federal judges
Act as Commander in Chief
How did Obama use his 2014 State of the Union?
Pledge to raise the minimum wage, and further advance healthcare reform
What led to the government shutdown of 2013?
Ted Cruz attempted to de fund Obamacare
Which widower attended the signing of Obamacare?
Senator Edward Kennedys wife
Which Obama veto was overridden in 2016?
A bill that would've allowed 9/11 victims to sue the Saudi Government
How many executive departments are there?
Which two Supreme Court appointments did Obama make in his first term?
Why must the President keep the Senate in treaty negotiations?
They ratify them by a 2/3s majority so they must avoid embarrassment
How many people did Clinton pardon on his last day in office?
What is the main factor in choosing a Vice President?
Kaine balanced Clintons ticket in terms of Gender
Pence balanced Trump ideologically and with political experience
Which amendment allows the President to appoint a new Vice?
How many times has the President chosen a new Vice?
Nixon chose Ford in 1973
Ford then chose Rockefeller in 1974
What are the powers of the Vice President? 
Presiding officer of the Senate
Break a tied vote in the Senate
Announce outcomes of presidential elections
Become President if the current one resigns or dies
Stand as acting president if the current one is declared disabled
Who is the current President Pro Tempore?
Who did Pence cast a deciding vote for in 2017?
Education Secretary Betsy de Vos
How many times between 1981 and Jan 09 did the Vice cast a deciding vote?
How many times has the Vice become the President and in what circumstance?
- 4 following assassinations
- 4 following natural death
- Once following Nixons resignation
Why has the Vice Presidency become more important?
- Federal government growth gave the Vice President more people to control
- Some have taken on legislative roles such as Biden with Obamacare
- Some became key spokesmen for their administration, such as Gore on environmental issues and Cheney on foreign policy
How many years of political experience did Joe Biden have?
What was Bidens key role as Vice President?
Convincing Senators to support the administration
- Issues such as Obamacare, Tax Relief and the Unemployment Reauthorisation Act
What is the federal bureaucracy?
The unelected administrative part of the executive branch of the federal government, made up of departments, agencies and commissions that carry out policy on a day to day basis
How many people were in the federal bureaucracy in 2014?
What 4 categories can the federal bureaucracy be split into?
Independent Regulatory Commissions
What are executive agencies?
Similar to departments, but the heads aren't members of the cabinet
What are IRC's?
Administratively independent organisations to be protected to from direct presidential control
- Might regulate railways, airlines, federal elections etc.
What are the 3 functions of the federal bureaucracy?
What does the federal government do in terms of adjudication?
In executing and creating rules, disputes arise. One party may believe a law isn't being applied rigorously, whereas another will consider its application unfair
What is the spoils system?
A system by which government jobs are awarded to political supporters and friends rather than on merit eg. Rex Tillerson
In 2010, what proportion of the federal bureaucracy was Female?