Constitution Flashcards Preview

Politics D > Constitution > Flashcards

Flashcards in Constitution Deck (51)
Loading flashcards...
1

How many colonies were there initially?

13

2

When was the war of independence?

1776-83

3

When were the Articles of Confederation signed?

1781

4

What is a Confederacy?

Loose associated of states where all political power rests with the states

5

What were the 3 compromises of the Constitution?

Choose the President
Representation of the States
Form of Government

6

What the Constitution compromise regarding representation?

Small states = equal representation - senate
Large states = proportional representation - House

7

What is a codified constitution?

One that sets out certain powers possessed by the National Government, leaving all other power to the states or the people. Deliberately complicated and demanding amendment process

8

What are the 2 deliberately vague clauses?

Congress is allowed to
'provide for common defence and general welfare of the US'
'make all laws that are necessary and proper'

9

Give 3 examples of political processes/organisations that aren't mentioned in the Constitution

- presidential primaries
- congressional committees
- presidents cabinet

10

What are the 3 branches of government?

Legislature - Congress
Executive - President
Judiciary - Supreme Court

11

What is Separation of Powers?

The idea that political power is distributed among the branches, which act independently and interdependently

12

Give an example of separation of personnel?

Biden and Clinton resigned from the Senate in 2009

13

Checks by the executive on the legislative (2)

Recommend legislation - by the State of the Union address
Veto legislation - President can veto legislation passed by Congress

14

How many vetoes did Clinton use?

36

15

Checks by the executive on the judiciary? (2)

Appoints all judges to trial, appeal and Supreme courts
Power of Pardon - Ford pardoned Nixon in 1974

16

Checks by the legislature on the executive (5)

- Congress can amend, delay or reject legislation
- Congress can override the Presidents veto with a 2/3s majority
- Control the budget, can limit the Presidents actions by this
- Senate confirms many executive appointments and all judicial appointments
- Impeachment

17

How does Congress impeach an official?

House impeached by a simple majority
Senate holds trial

18

Checks by the legislature on the judiciary? (3)

Power of impeachment of a judicial member
Can propose constitutional amendments that can overturn a SC decision - 16th amendment to allow Congress to levy income tax
Senate has power to confirm presidential appointments to the judiciary

19

Checks by the Judiciary on the legislature (1)

Judicial review
- declare acts of Congress unconstitutional and therefore null and void

20

Give an example of legislation being deemed unconstitutional

2012 Obamacare was ruled constitutional, but a clause that made healthcare insurance compulsory was deemed unconstitutional

21

Check by the Judiciary on the executive

Judicial review, deem any action of an executive official unconstitutional

2006 deemed actions of Guantanamo Bay unconstitutional

22

When was the last time the Senate rejected a treaty from its own party?

1935

23

What do checks and balances promote?

Bipartisanship and compromise between the President and Congress.
Congress is most effective when there is a bipartisan approach

24

What is Federalism

Theory of government where political power is divided between a national government and state governments, each having their own area of substantive jurisdiction.

25

What has led to the development of federalism and the role of federal government? (6)

Westward expansion
Improvements in communication
Growth of population
Industrialisation
Foreign policy
Constitutional amendments

26

How does the Constitution influence federalism? (3)

- Gives exclusive powers to the national government.
eg. Coin money, negotiate treaties
- Guarantees state rights
eg. Equal representation in Congress
- States responsibilities
Eg. Return fugitives to other states

27

What were the 4 key areas that affected federalism under George W Bush

Education
Healthcare
Economy
Homeland Security

28

What did Bush do with education?

No Child Left Behind Act
- created uniform national tests
- moved children from failing schools

29

What did Bush do with healthcare?

Expanded Medicare in 2003.
- previously introduced by President Johnson
- federal healthcare programme for the elderly

30

What did Bush do with the economy?

$700 million bail out package for Wall Street
Bought Fannie Mae and Freddie Mac to prevent the collapse of the mortgage companies