Prevention Saves Lives & Reduces Healthcare Cost Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Prevention Saves Lives & Reduces Healthcare Cost Deck (18)
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1

______ _______ engages and empowers individuals, communities and populations to engage in healthy behaviors, and make changes that reduce the risk of developing chronic disease and other morbidities

Health Promotion

2

______ ________ focuses on prevention strategies to reduce the risk of developing chronic disease and morbidities

Disease Prevention

3

Typical Activities for Health Promotion and Disease Programs Include:

Communication

Education

Policy

Environment

4

Raising awareness about healthy behaviors for communities/population(s)

Examples: Health fairs, newsletters, PSAs

Communication

5

Empowering behavior change and actions through increased knowledge

Examples: Courses, trainings, support groups, presentations

Education

6

Regulating or mandating activities by organizations or public agencies that encourage healthy decision-making

Policy

7

Changing structures or environments to make healthy decisions more readily available to large populations

Environment

8

Theories and Models Include:

-Ecological Model

-Health Belief Model

-Relapse Prevention Model

-Theory of Reasoned Action/Planned Behavior

9

“Highlights people’s interactions with their physical and sociocultural environments”

Intrapersonal/Individual factors: Influence behavior such as knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and personality

Interpersonal factors: Such as interactions with other people, which can provide social support, or promote healthy behavior

Community factors: Formal or informal social norms that exist among populations or organizations can limit or enhance healthy behaviors

Ecological Model

10

Conceptual framework that can be used to guide health promotion and disease prevention programs or interventions

Focuses on individual beliefs about health conditions, which predict individual health-related behaviors

Health Belief Model

11

1. Conduct an assessment of health needs to determine who is at risk and the population(s) that should be targeted

2. Convey consequences of health issue with risk behaviors to understand perceived severity

3. Communicate to target population the steps that are involved in taking
the recommended action and the benefits

4. Provide assistance in identifying and reducing barriers to action

5. Demonstrate actions through skill development activities and provide
support that enhances self-efficacy and the likelihood of successful behavior changes

5 Key Action-Related Components of Health Belief Model

12

Provides a strategy for anticipating barriers contributing to participant relapse

Provides participant coping skills

Once participants process the knowledge to cope and adapt with challenges they are less likely to return to prior negative behaviors

Relapse Prevention Model

13

The theory predicts a person’s health behavior by their attitude towards performing a behavior

A person’s intention to perform a behavior (behavioral intention) is predicted by:

-A Person’s attitude toward the behavior
-Subjective norms regarding the behavior

Theory of Reasoned Action/Planned Behavior

14

____ _____________ allows programs to identify opportunities for health promotion and disease prevention efforts, potential barriers, and appropriate strategies to address them

Needs Assessment

15

Types of Evaluation in Promotion and Prevention Programs

-Formative

-Outcome

-Impact

16

Occurs during program development and implementation

Formative

17

Focuses on short-and-term program goals

Outcome

18

Assesses a program's effect on participants

Impact