Primary Coolant System Flashcards Preview

Systems > Primary Coolant System > Flashcards

Flashcards in Primary Coolant System Deck (47):
1

From memory, draw and label a one line diagram of the Primary Coolant System showing the following major components and system interfaces:

  • Reactor Vessel
  • PCS Hot Legs
  • Pressurizer
  • Pressurizer Safety Valves
  • Power Operated Relief Valves
  • Quench Tank
  • Steam Generators
  • PCS Cold Legs
  • Primary Coolant Pumps
  • Pressurizer Spray Headers
  • All Control Room indications
  • System Interfaces

Draw use Triangle Notes for Standard

2

What is the operational design and normal operating range for the PCS Hot Legs?

Hot: 42-inch inside diameter piping

  • Interior clad with stainless steel
  • 2500 psia, 650°F
  • 12-inch inside diameter Surge Line connected to Loop 1 Hot Leg. 2500 psia, 700°F. 
  • 12-inch inside diameter Shutdown Cooling nozzle (suction) connects to Loop 2 hot leg

3

What is the operational design and normal operating range for the Pressurizer?

Maintains PCS operating pressure and compensates for changes in the PCS volume during load changes.

  • Uses Pressurizer heaters and spray flow for pressure control. CVCS charging and letdown for volume control.

Water volume is sized such that the PZR:

  • Does not drain during reactor trip or loss of load transients
  • Heaters are not uncovered during 5% and 15% ramps or 10% step load decreases.
  • Sizing for limiting DBA - energy released in containment

The steam volume is such that:

  • Pressure response during normal load changes does not exceed » ± 50 psi.
  • Insurge during a loss of load transient will not reach the safety valve nozzles.

4

What is the operational design and normal operating range for the Pressurizer Safety Valves?

Sized to limit PCS over-pressure to 110% of design pressure (2500 psia/2750 psia) following a complete loss of generator load without a simultaneous trip of the reactor.

Capacity – 230,000 lb/hr each

RV-1041 – 2500 psia

RV-1040 – 2540 psia

RV-1039 – 2580 psia

5

What is the operational design and normal operating range for the Power Operated Relief Valves (PORVs)?

PRV‑1042B (125V DC, D11-1), PRV-1043B (125V DC, D21-1):

  • Over-pressure protection during periods of low temperature or water solid system operation. 
  • Aligned for automatic system pressure relief prior to 430°F
  • Emergency depressurizaton (loss of offsite power): EOP Space
  • Once through cooling in some accident EOP space

Two modes of operation – LTOP and SDC

  • LTOP – PORV setpoint and alarm setpoints are variable based on system pressure and cold leg temperature.
  • SDC – fixed setpoint for relief and alarm; Pretrip – 265 psia, Trip – 310 psia

 

6

What is the operational design and normal operating range for the Quench Tank?

Receives and condenses the normal discharges from the pressurizer safety and relief valves, and prevent the discharge from being released to the containment atmosphere.

Pressure – 100 psig; NOP – 3 psig (N2 cover gas)

Temperature – 340°F; NOT – 104°F

Normal Operating Level – 75%

Water volume (800 ft3) to condense total steam mass released during a 112% to 0% reactor power swing.

Gas volume (347ft3) to limit max tank pressure after the steam release to one half of rupture disc set point of 100 psig (assumes max initial gas pressure of 10 psig).

7

What is the operational design and normal operating range for the Steam Generators?

U-tube Steam Generators (8,219 tubes)

Feedwater enters the S/Gs through the feed ring, mixes with recirculating water from the moisture separators and flows into the downcomer

J-tubes on the feed ring prevent draining of the feed ring during periods of no feedwater flow. Minimized water hammer during stops and starts of flow.

Steam exiting the steam generator through the steam flow restricting nozzle has a moisture content of less than 0.25% moisture at design flow rate.

Restricting nozzle limits MSLB impacts.

8

What are the inputs/outputs to the Quench Tank?

Inputs

  • Pressurizer safety and relief valves
  • Reactor Head Vents
  • Pressurizer Vents
  • Shutdown Cooling Relief Valve Discharge
  • SI Tank Drain Relief Valves
  • Letdown Line Relief

Outputs

  • Drains to Primary Coolant Drain Tank via CV-0148.
  • Vents to the Containment Vent Header via CV-0152.

9

What is the operational design and normal operating range for the PCS Cold Legs?

30-inch inside diameter piping

  • Interior clad with stainless steel.
  • no individual supports
  • 2500 psia, 650°F
  • Thermal sleeves are installed on all 2-inch or greater inlet nozzles to reduce thermal shock effects from auxiliary systems
  • 12-inch inside diameter Safety Injection nozzles connect each cold leg and are Angled 30° from vertical towards Rx vessel

10

What is the gallons per percent and volume of Pressurizer?

  • approximately 66 gal/%.
  • Volume - 1500 ft3,
  • 800 ft3 water at full power

11

What are the pressurizer block valves?

(MO-1042A, MO‑1043A) provide isolation to PORVs

Controlled by 2-position CLOSE-OPEN switches: 

JOG control feature in OPEN direction only – valve only travels when switch is held. Prevents inadvertent opening and allows pilot chamber pressure to slowly equalize

MO-1042A – MCC-25

MO-1043A – MCC-26

12

When does the Quench Tank rupture disk blow?

100 psig

a 10 psig starting pressure is assumed for time to rupture calculations.

RUD-0162, Rupture Disc, is sized to pass the greatest anticipated discharge, which occurs during a loss of load incident without a reactor trip.

13

What design features and interlocks provide Primary Coolant System leakage detection?

  • Containment sump level indication
  • Containment atmosphere gaseous activity monitoring
  • Containment air cooler condensate level switches
  • Containment atmosphere humidity monitoring
  • Monitoring of Quench Tank Level and Pressure as well as the tailpipe temperatures could indicate PCS leakage onto the Quench Tank.

14

What design features and interlocks provide Primary Coolant System Overpressure protection?

Power Operated Relief Valves (PORVs) PRV‑1042B, PRV-1043B via LTOP

Over-pressure protection during periods of low temperature or water solid system operation via LTOP or SDC mode.

LTOP – PORV setpoint and alarm setpoints are variable based on system pressure and cold leg temperature

Aligned for automatic system pressure relief prior to 430°F

SDC Mode Pretrip – 265 psia.Trip – 310 psia

15

Given plant conditions, predict downstream temperature from a lifting or leaking PORV without error.

Use Mollier Diagram. Go straight across (constant enthalpy process)

16

Describe normal operating values for Quench Tank:

  • Level
  • Pressure
  • Temperature

Pressure: 3 psig (N2 cover gas)

Temperature: 104°F

Level: 75%

17

What are the PCS control room indications for temperature?

Hot Leg RTDs:

  • 5 in each hot leg: 4 for indication/control, one spare.
  • Duel range output: wide: (50°F to 700°F)  narrow: (515°F – 615°F)
  • NR (515°F – 615°F): Feeds TMM PY-0102 A/B/C/D with 4 channels
  • NR (515°F – 615°F): Feeds Tave/Tref controllers TYT-0100, TYT-0200
  • NR (515°F – 615°F): Feeds C-12 Indications, plus alarms
  • NR (515°F – 615°F): Feeds PPC 
  • (WR) (50°F to 700°F): Feeds Subcooled Margin Monitor (SMM)
  • (WR) (50°F to 700°F): Feeds PTR-0112/PTR-0122
  • (WR) (50°F to 700°F): Feeds C-150

Cold Leg RTDS:

  • 3 in each leg - located downstream of PCPs to ensure thorough mixing and uniform temperature indication
  • wide: (50°F to 700°F)  narrow: (515°F – 615°F)
  • Feeds same as Hot Lef RTDs, plus:
  • (WR) (50°F to 700°F) to C-33
  • (WR) (50°F to 700°F) to LTOP

.

 

 

18

What are the PCS control room indications for Steam Generator pressure?

Eight (8) DP transmitters in each loop measure pressure drop across S/Gs.

  • 4 pressure taps in each hot leg just before the S/G.
  • 2 pressure taps in each suction leg.

Four (4) DP transmitters connected between the 4 hot leg taps and the 2 suction leg taps, resulting in 4 S/G DPs from hot leg to each suction leg.

  • The DP sensed by each of the 16 transmitters is indicated on C-12.
  • Transmitter outputs are also sent to four analog summers in the low flow trip logic; FI-0102A/B/C/D
  • Summation of these signals represents total core flow - 4 separate flow signals.
  • Indicate on Panel C-12 and activate one low flow alarm.
  • If 2/4 channels indicate a flow less than set point the reactor is tripped.
  • All Flow indications must be within 5% of each other

19

What protects the Steam Generator from over pressure conditions?

24 Safety Valves protect the shell side

12 per steam header

Three Groups of four valves

  1. 1000 psia
  2. 1020 psia
  3. 1040 psia

20

What are the Sub-Cooled Margin Monitors?

Part of Post-Accident Monitoring

Psat and Tsat are calculated from highest measured temperature value

2 Thots/loop, 1 Tcold/cold leg

Max temperature input is used

EK-1120 “LOW SUBCOOLING MARGIN” at less than 25 F

Y-30 – SMM-0114

Y-40 – SMM-0124

21

What are the Tave Tref controllers?

Inputs

NR safety grade Thot & Tcold (515°F-615°F)

Turbine 1st stage pressure

Outputs – Tave

Calculates a Tave signal from Tc and Th which is then sent to:

TR-0100 on C-02

Average Temp Display SS (outputs to)

  • TI‑0110 Tave digital indication on C-02
  • HIC-0780A – Steam Dump Controller
  • LIC-0101A/B – Pressurizer Level Control System

Tave from TYT-0200 is sent to TYT-0100 where the Tave loop1/Tave loop 2 deviation alarm is generated at 5°F.

22

What indications/controls are on C-33?

  • Loop 1A WR T-cold
  • Loop 2B WR T-cold
  • WR Pressurizer Level,  (cold calibrated)
  • Two: PZR WR Pressure, PI-0105C/D 

23

What are the C-150 Indications?

PCS Loop 1 WR T-cold

  • HS-0102C must be in the AHSP for indication and TI-0115C indication at Panel C-33 will be lost

HS-0102C must be in the AHSP position to have the following indications:

  • PCS Loop 1 WR T-hot
  • PCS Loop 2 WR T-cold
  • PCS Loop 2 WR T-hot

24

What is the AHSP/CR Switch on C-150.

  • 2-position Transfer Switch
  • Disables CR indications, enables AHSP indications
  • CAUTION – prior to transferring HS-0102C to AHSP position ENSURE Average Temp Display Select on Panel C-02 is in the Loop 2 position
    • Atmospheric Steam Dump Valves will get a quick open signal if switch is left in the Loop 1 position and transfer is made. Temperature inputs Tc and Th fail HIGH. (Tave fails high)

25

How do PCS and Main Steam Interact?

  • PCS heat removal during power operations
  • PCS heat removal during natural circulation

26

How do PCS and main feedwater interact?

MFW provides the primary heat sink for the PCS when the reactor is at power.

27

How do PCS and Aux Feed Interact?

AFW system provides the primary heat sink for the PCS when the reactor is shutdown and MFW is no longer available until the Shutdown Cooling system is placed in service.

Provides the PCS heat sink during natural circulation on a loss of electrical power to the station.

28

How do PCS and Chemical Volume Control System Interact?

Provides continuous feed and bleed operation for PCS chemistry control. 

Normally collects the controlled bleed-off from the PCP seals; can be routed to the Primary System Drain Tank.

Maintains Pressurizer Level per program

29

How do PCS and Safety Injection System Interact?

SIS provides for post accident cooling of the reactor and for once-through core cooling.

A SIS connection is located on each of the PCS cold legs. There is also a connection for hot leg injection on the Loop 1 hot leg.

30

How do PCS and Shutdown Cooling System Interact?

SDC provides for PCS cooldown and long-term decay heat removal

SDC connects at a loop 2 hot leg connection where the PCS exits the core, enters the suction side of the LPSI pumps for circulating thru the SDC heat exchanger, then reenters the PCS through all 4 cold legs.

31

How do PCS and Component Cooling Water Interact?

CCW provides cooling for the PCP thermal barriers, seal heat exchangers, and the PCP Motors backstop and lift oil system oil coolers.

PCP pump start is interlocked with CCW Flow.  If CCW flow >80 gpm (P-50 A/B/C)  or >145 gpm (P-50D), the PCP pump start interlock is satisfied.

32

What are the operating considerations for PCS to SG DP.

Should be less that 1380 psid to ensure SG tube integrity.

33

What are the operations considerations for boron differential between the PCS and pressurizer?

Should be less than 50 ppm. Minimizes chance of reactivity changes due to outsurge during power changes. 

34

What are the operational considerations for operating with the pressurizer level greater than 62.8%

MODE 1, 2 or 3 shall be less than 62.8%.

  • Permits pressure control to function as designed
  • Preserves the steam space making both the sprays and heaters available for pressure control
  • Pressure control maintains subcooled reactor coolant in loops
  • Prevent filling the PZR water solid for anticipated design basis transients, thereby ensuring the pressure relief devices (Safety Valves & PORVs) can discharge steam rather than water

35

What are the operational considerations for starting limits on PCPs?

Generate a significant amount of heat in the motor windings, limitations minimize the thermal damage from excessive starting.

P-50 (A,B,C):

  • 3 starts in succession with the motor initially at room ambient temperature, or 2 starts with the motor at a temperature not exceeding normal operating temperature.
  • When motor has been running continuously for greater than or equal to
    20 minutes or idle for greater than or equal to 40 minutes, then it is
    considered to be not exceeding normal operating temperature

P-50D:

  • 2 starts in succession provided the pump is permitted to coast to a stop between starts.
  • A third start may be made when the winding and the core have cooled
    by running for greater than or equal to 20 minutes or the motor has
    been standing idle for greater than or equal to 45 minutes.

36

What are the operations considerations for the Quench Tank Pressure being abnormal?

Reactor shall not be made critical unless the Quench Tank is available.

  • Containment integrity is not challenged by a lifting safety valve or PORV.
  • The 10 psig is the maximum value that is used in the design for a release from the pressurizer. 0% to 112% power spike with nor letdown/spray.

MODE 1 or MODE 2: Quench Tank Pressure Indicator Range Selector Switch, SS-0116 shall be in the Narrow position

  • Detection of potential leakage from PORVs or SV
  • Enables EK-0732, Quench Tank High Pressure to alarm

37

What are the operational considerations for Quench Tank high temperature?

Possible indication of SV, PORV, Letdown Hx Relief, Reactor Head Vent, or S/D Cooling Relief Valve lifting.

38

What are the operational considerations for the PCS Heat Up and Cool Down rates?

Ensures thermal stresses on Reactor Vessel and PCS piping are minimized

Change the cooldown rate to the new lower rate 1 hour prior to reaching the new required rate

3-hr soak required plus cooldown rate change at 135°F

The average H/U or C/D rate in a one-hour time period shall not exceed the H/U or C/D rate limit when one or more PCS cold leg temperatures is less than

> 110°F ≤ 135°F

  • 3-hour hold required during cooldown. Then 20°F/Hr C/D per CETs.

≤ 170°F:

  • H/U limited to 20°F/Hr
  • C/D limited to 40°F/Hr

> 170°F ≤ 250°F: 

  • H/U limited to 40°F/Hr
  • C/D limited to 40°F/Hr

> 250°F ≤ 350°F: 

  • H/U limited to 40°F/Hr if SDC in service. Otherwise 60°F/Hr
  • C/D limited to 60°F/Hr

≥350°F

  • H/U limited to 100°F/Hr
  • C/D limited to 100°F/Hr

Violate these LCO limits: Restore parameter within 30 minutes. Mode 5. Immediately. Determine PCS boundry operability.

39

When are air sweeps required?

If vacuum fill is not used to fill the PCS, then air sweeps

40

What is the PCS minimum temperature in Mode 5 & 6?

Greater than or equal to 75F whenever the Plant is in Mode 5.

Greater than or equal to 73F whenever the Plant is in Mode 6.

41

What must be done during low PCS flow?

IF PCS recirculation flow rate is less than the minimum required by Technical
Specifications LCO 3.1.1, LCO 3.4.7, LCO 3.4.8, LCO 3.9.4, and LCO 3.9.5, THEN
within one hour, Primary Makeup Water Supply Stop Valve MV-CVC2162 shall be
closed and caution tagged.

42

What are the PCS Pressure, Temperature, and Flow Departure from Nucleate Boiling (DNB) Limits?

  • Pressurizer pressure ≥ 2010 psia and ≤ 2100 psia
  • PCS cold leg temperature ≤ 544 °F
  • PCS total flow rate ≥ 352,000 gpm

43

What is pressurizer spary flow with only one PCP operating in each loop?

With only one PCP operating in each loop, the pressurizer spray flow is
reduced to approximately 40% of maximum flow.

44

What is spray flow with one spray valve isolated?

With one spray valve isolated, the pressurizer spray flow is reduced to
approximately 70% of maximum flow.

45

What is spray flow with only one PCP operating in each loop and one spray valve isolated?

With only one PCP operating in each loop and one spray valve isolated, the
pressurizer spray flow is reduced to approximately 30% of maximum flow.

46

What are the limitations when PCS is solid and PCPs are in service?

The following limitations shall be met when the PCS is solid and PCPs are in
service:

  • No more than two Charging pumps are in service at a time.
  • At least one charging pump is available as a backup pump (ie, not in service) that can be started from the control room during solid PCS operation with the primary coolant pumps in service. With three pumps available, the alignment of one will be in Manual and Off.
  • Charging pump P-55A is operated at minimum speed when it is in service along with another charging pump.
  • Charging flow is less than or equal to 133 gpm.
  • Charging flow is less than or equal to 53 gpm when in Mode 5 with PCS loops not filled and Shutdown Cooling flow less than 2810 gpm. (Technical Specifications LCO 3.4.8b)
  • Pumped feed or blend boration is used

47