Princeton Book Beyond the Key Terms Group 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Princeton Book Beyond the Key Terms Group 2 Deck (72)
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1

abjure (verb)

to renounce or reject solemnly; to recant; to avoid

2

adumbrate (verb)

to foreshadow vaguely or intimate; to suggest or outline sketchily; to obscure or overshadow

3

anathema (noun)

a solemn or ecclesiastical (religious) curse; accursed or thoroughly loathed person or thing

4

anodyne (adj.)/(noun)

soothing; something that assuages or allays pain or comforts

5

apogee (noun)

farthest or highest point; culmination; zenith

6

apotheosis (noun)

deification; glorification to godliness; an exalted example; a model of excellence or perfection

7

asperity (noun)

severity, rigor, toughness, harshness, acrimony, irritability

8

asseverate (verb)

to avert, allege, or assert

9

assiduous (adj.)

diligent, hard-working, sedulous

10

augury (noun)

omen, potent

11

bellicose (adj.)

belligerent, pugnacious, warlike

12

calumniate (verb)

to slander, to make a false accusation; calumny means slander, asperison

13

captious (adj.)

disposed to point our trivial faults; calculated to confuse or entrap in argument

14

cavil (verb)

to find adult without good reason

15

celerity (noun)

speed, alacrity; think accelerate

16

chimera (noun)

an illusion; originally, an imaginary fire-breathing she-monster

17

contumacious (adj.)

insubordinate, rebellious; contumely means insult; scorn, aspersion

18

debacle (noun)

root, fiasco, complete failure

19

denouement (noun)

an outcome or solution; the unraveling of a plot

20

descry (verb)

to catch sight of

21

desuetude (noun)

disuse

22

desultory (adj.)

random; aimless; marked by a lack of plan or purpose

23

diaphanous (adj.)

transparent, gauzy

24

diffident (adj.)

reserved, shy, unassuming; lacking in self confidence

25

dirge (noun)

a song of grief or lamentation

26

encomium (noun)

glowing and enthusiastic; praise; panegyric, tribute, eulogy

27

eschew (verb)

to shun or avoid

28

excoriate (verb)

to censure scathingly, to upbraid

29

execrate (verb)

to denounce, to feel loathing or, to curse, to declare to be evil

30

exegesis (noun)

critical examination, explication

31

expiate (noun)

to atone or make amends for

32

fatuous (adj.)

silly, inanely, foolish

33

fractious (adj.)

quarrelsome, rebellious, unruly, refractory, irritable

34

gainsay (verb)

to deny, to dispute, to contradict, to oppose

35

heterodox (adj.)

unorthodox, heretical, iconoclastic

36

imbroglio (adj.)

difficult or embracing situation

37

indefatigable (adj.)

not easily exhaustible; tireless, dogged

38

ineluctable (adj.)

certain, inevitable

39

inimitable (adj.)

one of a kind, peerless

40

insouciant (adj.)

unconcerned, carefree, heedless

41

inveterate (adj.)

deep rooted, ingrained, habitual

42

jejune (adj.)

vapid, wanton, greasy, slippery

43

mendicant (noun)

a beggar, sypplicant

44

meretricious (adj.)

cheap, gaudy, tawdry, flashy, showy; attracting by false show

45

minatory (adj.)

menacing, threatening (reminds you of the Minotaur, a threatening creature indeed)

46

nadir (noun)

low point, perigee

47

nonplussed (adj.)

baffled, bewildered, at a loss for what to do or think

48

obstreperous (adj.)

noisily and stubbornly defiant, aggressively boisterous

49

ossified (adj.)

tending to become more rigid, conventional, sterile, and reactionary with age; literally turned into bone

50

palliate (verb)

to make something seem less serious, to gloss over, to make less severe or intense

51

panegyric (noun)

formal praise, eulogy, encomium; panegyrical means expressing elaborate praise

52

parsimonious (adj.)

cheap, miserly

53

peroration (noun)

the concluding part of a speech; flowery; rhetorical speech

54

plangent 9adj.)

pounding, thundering, resounding

55

prolix (adj.)

long-winded, verbose; prolixity means verbosity

56

propitiate (verb)

to appease; to conciliate; propitious means auspicious, favorable

57

puerile (adj.)

childish, immature, jejune, nugatory

58

puissance (noun)

power, strength, puissant means powerful, strong

59

remonstrate (noun)

to protest, to object

60

sagacious (adj.)

having sound judgement; perceptive, wise; like a sage

61

salacious (adj.)

lustful, lascivious, bawdy

62

salutary (adj.)

remedial, wholesome, causing improvement

63

sanguine (adj.)

cheerful, confident, optimistic

64

saturnine (adj.)

gloomy, dark or sullen, morose

65

sententious (adj.)

aphoristic or moralistic; epigrammatic; tending to moralize excessively

66

stygian (adj.)

gloomy, dark

67

sycophant (noun)

toady, servile, self-seeking, flatter; parasite

68

tendentious (adj.)

biased showing marked tendencies

69

timorous (adj.)

timid, fearful, diffident

70

tyro (non)

novice, greenhorn, rank amateur

71

vitiate (noun)

to corrupt, to debase, to spoil, to make ineffective

72

voluble (adj.)

fluent, verbal, having easy use of spoken langage