Princeton Book Key GRE Terms Group 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Princeton Book Key GRE Terms Group 2 Deck (72)
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1

abate (verb)

to lessen in intensity or degree

2

accolade (noun)

an expression of praise

3

adulation (noun)

excessive praise; intense adoration

4

aesthetic (adj.)

dealing with, appreciative of, or responsive to art or the beautiful

5

ameliorate (verb)

to make better or more tolerable

6

ascetic (noun)

one who practices rigid self-denial, especially as an act of religious devotion

7

avarice (noun)

greed, especially for wealth (adj. form: avaricious)

8

burgeon (verb)

to grow rapidly or flourish

9

bucolic (adj.)

rustic and pastoral; characteristic of rural areas and their inhabitants

10

cacophony (noun)

harsh, jarring, discordant sound; dissonance (adj. form: cacophonous)

11

canon (noun)

an established set of principles or code of laws, often religious in nature (adj. form: canonical)

12

castigation (noun)

severe criticism or punishment (verb form: castigate)

13

catalyst (noun)

a substance that accelerates the rate of a chemical reaction without itself changing; a person or thing that causes change

14

caustic (adj.)

wary; cautious; spring

15

cogent (adj.)

appealing forcibly to the mind or reason; convincing

16

complaisance (noun)

the willingness to comply with the wishes of others (adj. form: complaisant)

17

contentious (adj.)

argumentative; quarrelsome; causing controversy or disagreement

18

contrite (adj.)

regretful; penitent; seeking forgiveness (noun form: contrition)

19

culpable (adj.)

deserving blame (noun form; culpability)

20

dearth (noun)

smallness of quantity or number; scarcity; a lack

21

demur (verb)

to question or oppose

22

didactic (adj.)

intended to teach or instruct

23

discretion (noun)

cautious reserve in speech; ability to make responsibility decisions (adj. form: discreet)

24

disinterested (adj.)

free of bias or self-interest; impartial

25

dogmatic (adj.)

expressing a rigid opinion based on unproved or improvable principles (noun form: dogma)

26

ebullience (noun)

the quality of lively or enthusiastic expression of thoughts and feelings (adj. form: ebullient)

27

eclectic (adj.)

composed of elements drawn from various sources

28

emollient (adj.)/(noun)

soothing, especially to the skin; making less harsh; mollifying; an agent that softens or smoothes the skin

29

empirical (adj.)

based on observation or experiment

30

enigmatic (adj.)

mysterious; obscure; difficult to understand (noun form: enigma)

31

ephemeral (adj.)

brief; fleeting

32

esoteric (adj.)

intended for or understood by a small, specific group

33

eulogy (noun)

a speech honoring the dead (verb form: eulogize)

34

exonerate (verb)

to remove blame

35

facetious (adj.)

playful; humorous

36

fallacy (noun)

an invalid or incorrect notion; a mistaken belief (adj. form fallacious)

37

furtive (adj.)

marked by stealth; covert; surreptitious

38

gregarious (adj.)

sociable; outgoing; enjoying the company of other people

39

harangue (verb)/(noun)

to deliver a forceful or angry speech; ranting speech or writing

40

heretical (adj.)

violating accepted dogma or convention (noun form: hersey)

41

hyperbole (noun)

an exaggerated stamens; often used as a figure of speech (adj. form: hyperbole)

42

impecunious (adj.)

lacking funds; without money

43

incipient (adj.)

beginning to come into being or to become apparent

44

inert (adj.)

unmoving; lethargic; sluggish

45

innocuous (adj.)

harmless; causing no damage

46

intransigent (adj.)

refusing to compromise (noun form: intransigence)

47

inveigle (verb)

to obtain by deception or flattery

48

morose (adj.)

sad; sullen; melancholy

49

odious (adj.)

evoking intense aversion or dislike

50

opaque (adj.)

impenetrable by light; not reflecting light

51

oscillation (noun)

the act or state of winging back and forth with a steady, uninterrupted rhythm (verb form: oscillate)

52

penurious (adj.)

penny-pitching; excessively thrifty; ungenerous

53

pernicious (adj.)

extremely harmful in a way that is not easily seen or noticed

54

peruse (verb)

to examine with great care (noun form: perusal)

55

pious (adj.)

extremely reverent or devour; showing strong religious devotion (noun form: piety)

56

precursor (noun)

one that precedes and indicates or announces another

57

preen (verb)

to dress up; to primp; to groom oneself with elaborate care

58

prodigious (adj.)

abundant in size, force, or extent; extraordinary

59

prolific (adj.)

producing large volumes or amounts; productive

60

putrefy (verb)

to rot; to decay and give off a foul order (adj. form: putrid)

61

quiescence (noun)

stillness; motionlessness; quality of being at rest (adj. form: quiescent)

62

redoubtable (adj.)

awe-inspiring; worthy of honor

63

sanction (noun)/(verb)

authoritative permission or approval; a penalty intended to enforce compliance; to give permission or authority

64

satire (noun)

a literary work that ridicules or criticizes a human vice through humor or derision (adj. form: satirical)

65

squalid (adj.)

sordid; wretched and dirty as from neglect (noun form: squalor)

66

stoic (adj.)

indifferent to or unaffected by pleasure or pain; steadfast (noun form: stoicism)

67

supplant (verb)

to take the place of; to supersede

68

torpid (adj.)

lethargic; slugglish; dormant (noun form: torpor)

69

ubiquitous (adj.)

existing everywhere at the same time; constantly encouraged; widespread

70

urbane (adj.)

sophisticated; refined; elegant (noun form: urbanity)

71

vilify (verb)

to defame; to characterize harshly

72

viscous (adj.)

thick; sticky (noun form: viscosity)