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List 5 fundamental principles of assessment.

1. Specific assessment objective
2. Select the best test (gold standard)
3. Equipment calibration
4. Standardization of testing
5. Interpretation issues


List 2 types of standards.

1. Criterion-referenced (poor, fair, good, excellent)

2. Normative (norms)
- Based on past performance of groups of individuals with similar characteristics
- Comparisons are made between subjects


List 3 things that are identified with pre-assessment screening.

1. Identified those with medical contraindications to exercise
2. Identifies those who should receive medical evaluation by physician
3. Identified those with other health related concerns (DM/orthopedic injuries)


What the PAR-Q? Who is it designed for?

1. Simple prescreening health assessment questionnaire developed by the British Columbia Ministry of Health for assessing readiness of starting a PA program

2. Designed for a person (aged 15-69) who wants to start a light to moderate intense exercise program


List 6 limitations associated with the PAR-Q.

1. Many false positives
2. Causes unnecessary medical referrals
3. Age restrictions
4. Improper use of form
5. PARmed-X is long and difficult to use
6. Lack of evidence-based support


According to the PAR-Q+ what are the exercise guidelines for individuals with low, intermediate and high risk?

Low risk: exercise at low to moderate intensities with minimal to no supervision

Intermediate risk: exercise under guidance of exercise professional

High risk: must be in medically supervised settings during exercise


The PAR-Q+ now results in only about ____% of the population who take this to be sent for further medical screening



How long are the PAR-Q+and ePARMed-X+ valid for?

PAR-Q+ valid for 12 months

ePARMed-X+ valid for 6 months


List 4 new principles of the model for exercise participation.

1. No classification of risk (high, mod, low)
2. CVD and pulmonary disease are NOT reasons to refer out for medical screening
3. General vs. specific recommendations for medical clearance
5. Medical clearance replaced specific recommendations


List 3 findings regarding exercise-related cardiac events in adults.

1. Increased risk of cardiac death/acute MI in older vs younger adults with vigorous exercise

2. 1 in every 15,000-18,000 adults dues from sudden cardiac death with exercise

3. Decreased CVD risk (30-40%) in adults who exercise