Protein, fat and carbohydrates Flashcards Preview

Year 9 HE > Protein, fat and carbohydrates > Flashcards

Flashcards in Protein, fat and carbohydrates Deck (14)
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1

Some animal sources of protein are...

-fish
-eggs
-beef
-cheese
-chicken

2

Some plant sources of protein are...

-baked beans
-chic peas
-bread
-nuts
-tofu
-rice

3

Effects of excess intake of protein...

Very large intakes can damage the kidneys

4

Protein is need for...

-rapid growth during childhood and adolescence

-repair and maintenance of all body cells and tissues at all stages of life

5

Fat is needed to...

-provide a concentrated source of energy

-insulate the body to maintain body temperature

-protect the vital organs
Eg: the kidneys

6

Some saturated fats (usually from animal sources) are...

-cheese
-fat (from red meat)
-butter
-cream

7

Some unsaturated fats and oils (usually from plant sources are...

-olive oil
-sunflower oil
-salmon

8

A diet high in saturated fat may lead to...

Coronary heart disease

9

To much fat of any kind may lead to...

Obesity

10

Carbohydrates supply the body with...

Energy

11

Some foods which contain starch (releases energy slowly) (carbohydrates) are...

-pasta
-potatoes
-bread
-rice
-porridge

12

Some foods which contain sugar (releases energy quickly) (carbohydrates) are...

-chocolate
-sweets
-cake and biscuits
-honey and jam
-icecream

13

If more starch or sugar is eaten than required he excess is stored as fat in he body and this may lead to...

Obesity

14

Excess sugar can lead to...

Tooth decay