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Flashcards in Calcium And Vitamin D Deck (12)
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1

How much is:

1 portion of milk?

1 portion of yogurt?

1 portion of cheese?


Milk- 200ml

Yogurt- 150gram pot

Cheese- 30g of cheese

2

List some non dairy sources of calcium:

-broccoli and other dark green veg

-almonds and other nuts

-tinned fish where you eat the bones eg- salmon

-white bread is fortified with calcium (calcium is added by law)

3

List some food sources of vitamin D

-oily fish
-egg yolk
-milk/cheese/yogurt (dairy products)
-butter or fortified spread (eg-flora)

4

What is the name of the bone disease that occurs mainly in elderly women when calcium leaves the bones?

Osteoporosis

5

What is the name of the bone disease which occurs on children who have a deficiency of calcium in their diets?

Rickets

6

What is the name of the disease which occurs mainly in developing countries and is caused by protein deficiency?

Kwashiorkor

7

What is the name of the disease that occurred amongst sailors and pirates on board ships that sailed for longer than fruit and veg could be stored?

Scurvy

8

What is the proper name for vitamin D?

Cholecalciferol

9

What is the first function for calcium in the body

To form strong bones and teeth in children and adolescents. Having enough calcium during the teenage years is important. This is the best time for building strong bones as the bones are growing at their fastest rate

9

What is the second function for calcium in the body

To maintain strong bones and teeth in adults

10

What is vitamin d sometimes known as and why

As the sunshine vitamin because when sunlight (UV light) hits our skin it causes a chemical reaction beneath the surface of the skin which helps the body to make its own vitamin d

11

What is the function of vitamin d in the body

To allow the body to absorb and use calcium. It therefore works with calcium to form and maintain strong teeth and bones