Protein Structure Unit 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Protein Structure Unit 3 Deck (34):
1

What is the function and what are the Example of ENZYMES ?

Catalysts of cellular reactions
TRYPSIN

2

What is the function and what are the Example of TRANSPORT PROTEINS?

Carriers of small molecules or ions
HEMOGLOBIN

3

What is the function and what are the Example of STRUCTURAL PROTEINS ?

Mechanical support and structural organization
COLLAGEN
HISTONES

4

What is the function and what are the Example of SCAFFOLD PROTEINS ?

Hold proteins together that interact in catalytic or signaling pathways
CHAPRONES Hsp70

5

What is the function and what are the Example of MOTOR PROTEINS ?

Move along other molecules for transport or synthesis
DNA Polymerase
HELICASE

6

What is the function and what are the Example of STORAGE PROTEINS ?

Respiratory for ions or small molecules
FERRITIN

7

What is the function and what are the Example of SIGNALING PROTEIN ?

Cellular communication
INSULIN

8

What is the function and what are the Example of RECEPTOR PROTEIN ?

Signal detection
EGH RECEPTOR

9

What is the function and what are the Example of REGULATORY PROTEIN ?

Regulation of cellular processes
LAC REPRESSOR

10

What are the functional groups that Proteins contain?

Carboxyl
Amino
Hydroxyl
thiol

11

What are common Functional groups of Amino Acids?

Carboxyl
Amino
Side chains varies

12

Alanine

Ala
A

13

Arginine

Arg
R

14

Asparagine

Asn
N

15

Asparatic Acid

Asp
D

16

Cysteine

Cys
C

17

Glutamine

Gln
Q

18

Glutamic Acid

Glu
E

19

Glycine

Gly
G

20

Histidine

His
H

21

Isolucine

Ile
I

22

Leucine

Leu
L

23

Lysine

Lys
K

24

Methionine

Met
M

25

Phenylalanine

The
F

26

Proline

Pro
P

27

Serine

Ser
S

28

Threonine

Thr
T

29

Tryptophan

Trp
W

30

Tyrosine

Tyr
Y

31

Valine

Val
V

32

what are the essential amino acids and why?

Valine
Leucine
Isoleucine
Phenylalanine
Tryptophan
Methionine
Threonine
Lysine
Histidine
Cannot by synthesized by the body
branched amino acids
phenyl rings

33

What is Isoelectric Point?

ph at which net charge is =0

34

What are the futures of Peptide Bond?

Single bond with double bond characteristics
No rotation around peptide bond
Planar -6 atoms
Uncharged
Shorter than typical C-N bond