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National 5 Biology > Proteins > Flashcards

Flashcards in Proteins Deck (8)
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1

What are proteins made of?

Amino acids

2

What functions do proteins have?

- Structural functions such as muscles, ligament or tendons
-Hormones
-Antibodies
-Enzymes

3

What are enzymes?

Biological catalyst

4

Why are enzymes specific?

They can only do one job

5

What does the enzyme amylase do?

Breaks down starch into maltose sugar

6

What does the enzyme catalase do?

Breaks down hydrogen peroxide into water and oxygen

7

What is optimum conditions?

The ideal conditions enzymes can work at

8

What does it mean when an enzyme is denatured?

When an enzyme is at extremes of pH or temperature it will become denatured meaning the active site can lose its shape and the substrate will no longer be able to fit