DNA and the production of proteins Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in DNA and the production of proteins Deck (10)
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1

Where is DNA found

In the nucleus

2

What does DNA carry

genetic code

3

What are the name for the 4 bases

Adenine, Thymine, Guanine and Cytosine

4

What shape is DNA

Double helix

5

Are the bonds that link the bonds weak or strong

Weak

6

What are chromosomes made up of

Genes

7

What determines the sequence of amino acids

The sequence of bases

8

What is triplet code

Three bases

9

What is the section that codes for a protein called

Gene

10

How are proteins made

- DNA unzips and mRNA takes a complementary copy (replacing Thymine with Uracil)
- mRNA travels to the ribosome where it will "read" the message and make sure the right amino acids are called
-A chain of amino acids will form being held together by peptide bonds
- A chain will code for a protein