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Flashcards in Protist and Fungi Deck (24):
1

Protist

an organizm that belongs to the kingdom Protista

2

heterotrogh

an organism that gets food by eating other organisms or their byproducts and that cannot make organic compounds from inorganic materials

3

parasite

an organism that feeds on an organism of another species and usually harms the host

4

host

an organism from which a parasite takes food or shelter

5

fungi

an organism whose cells have,nuclei,rigid cell walls, and no chlorophyll and that belongs to the kingdom Fungi

6

spore

a reproductive cell or multicellular structure that is resistent to stressful enviromental conditions and that can develop into an adult without without fusing with another cell

7

a mass of fungal and algal cells that grow together in a symbiotic relationship and that are usually found on rocks or trees

Lichen

8

novascular plant

the 3 groups of plants that lack specialized conducting tissues and true roots, stems, and leaves

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Vascular Plant

a plant that has specialized tissues that conduct materials from one part of the plant to another

10

Gymnosperm

a woody, vascular seed plant whose seeds are not enclosed by an ovary or fruit

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Angiosperm

a flowering plant that produces seeds within a fruit

12

Photosynthesis

the process by which plants, algae, and some bacteria

13

Cellular respiration

is a set of metabolic reactions and processes that take place in the cells of organisms to convert biochemical energy from nutrients into adenosine triphosphate (ATP), and then release waste products.

14

Transpiration

is the process where plants absorb water through the roots and then give off water vapor through pores in their leaves. An example of transpiration is when a plant absorbs water in its roots. YourDictionary definition and usage example.

15

Tropism

the turning of all or part of an organism in a particular direction in response to an external stimulus.

16

Gravitropism

is a turning or growth movement by a plant or fungus in response to gravity. It is a general feature of all higher and many lower plants as well as other organisms.

17

Phototropism

the orientation of a plant or other organism in response to light, either toward the source of light ( positive phototropism ) or away from it

18

Asexual Reproduction

by which offspring arise from a single organism, and inherit the genes of that parent only; it does not involve the fusion of gametes, and almost never changes the number of chromosomes.

19

Toxoplasmosis

a disease caused by toxoplasmas, transmitted chiefly through undercooked meat, or in soil or cat feces. Symptoms generally pass unremarked in adults, but infection can be dangerous to unborn children.

20

Malaria

an intermittent and remittent fever caused by a protozoan parasite that invades the red blood cells. The parasite is transmitted by mosquitoes in many tropical and subtropical regions.

21

Giardia

Giardia infection is an intestinal infection marked by abdominal cramps, bloating, nausea and bouts of watery diarrhea. Giardia infection is caused by a microscopic parasite that is found worldwide, especially in areas with poor sanitation and unsafe water.

22

Eukaryote

an organism consisting of a cell or cells in which the genetic material is DNA in the form of chromosomes contained within a distinct nucleus. Eukaryotes include all living organisms other than the eubacteria and archaebacteria.

23

decomposer

a device or installation that is used to break down a chemical substance.

24

Angiosperm

a plant that has flowers and produces seeds enclosed within a carpel. The angiosperms are a large group and include herbaceous plants, shrubs, grasses, and most trees.