Providence and Predestination Flashcards Preview

RTS 0ST502 - Intro to Pastoral and Theological Studies > Providence and Predestination > Flashcards

Flashcards in Providence and Predestination Deck (20):
1

(Def) Divine Providence

God's sovereign control and direction of events in the world.

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Implication 1

God has a good and wise plan for his creation

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Implication 2

God's plan was formulated in eternity (prior to creation)

History just is the unfolding of God's plan.

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Implication 3

God's plan is comprehensive.

It concerns every event within creation.

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Implication 4

God's plan includes the free will choices of his creatures -both good and evil.

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Implication 5

God's plan is not dependent on contingencies in the creation beyond his control.

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Implication 6

God's plan originates ultimately and entirely in his own free decree.

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Implication 7

God's plan is effectual and infallible.

Every event occurs in accordance with his plan.

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Implication 8

God's plan includes the ends and means.

It is not fatalistic.

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Implication 9

God's plan includes the sins of his creatures, but does not entail that God is sinful.

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Implication 10

God's plan is directed toward the ultimate end of his own glory.

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Objection 1

"Makes God the author of evil"

3 Distinctions:

1. Primary (ultimate) v. Secondary (proximate) causes

2. Divine v. Human intention (Gen 50:20, Is 10)

3. Responsibility v. Culpability

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Objection 2

"Implies that God's will is for us to sin, to break his own moral rules."

God's preceptive (revealed) v. decretive (secret) will. Deut 29:29.

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God's preceptive will

Revealed - God's perfect moral character

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God's decretive will

Secret - God's perfect sovereign plan

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Objection 3

"Undermines human freedom and responsibility. We're not robots."

Compatibilism

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Compatibilism

We freely act according to our desires and intentions. We're not coerced.

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Predestination: Logical deduction

God's sovereignty over all things entails his sovereignty over salvation

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Debate b/n Cal's and Arm's

1. On what basis does God elect?

2. Which choice is ultimate, God's or ours?

3. Why ultimately do some come to faith while others do not?

20

Jesus directly addresses predestination

John 6:22-65

v. 37: Sufficiency

v. 44: Necessity