Psycholinguistic Modules Flashcards Preview

Adult Language Disorders > Psycholinguistic Modules > Flashcards

Flashcards in Psycholinguistic Modules Deck (21):
1

Printed Word Recognition

Processes at Work:

Orthographic knowledge
Abstract letter identification
Orthographic Input Lexicon - Word spelling; no meaning or pronunciation concept

2

Reading Aloud

Route depends on whether the word is a real word or not.
Routes:
Lexical/Semantic Route
Non-Lexical/Letter-Sound Route

3

Semantic Dementia

No comprehension, but could read aloud well (includes exceptional words

The reading route from orthographic input to phonological output lexicon

4

Understanding Printed Words

Printed words > Abstract letter identification > orthographic input lexicon > Semantic system > phonological output lexicon > speech

5

Speaking

Includes :
Semantics
Phonological Output Lexicon
Buffer
Speech Component

6

Speaking - Semantics

Selecting Meaning

7

Speaking - Phonological Output Lexicon

Phonological representation of spoken words in the speaker's vocabulary

8

Speaking - Buffer

Sound assembling of spoken words

9

Speaking - Speech Component

Phonemic context specification and neuromuscular events determination

10

Picture/Object Recognition

Part of the language processing system

Visual Object Recognition System
Semantic System

11

Picture/Object Recognition - Visual Object Recognition System

Structural and functional description of visual objects

12

Picture/Object Recognition - Semantic System

Not essential for reading aloud but is needed for object naming

13

Recognition and Repetition of Speech

Includes:
Echolalia
Recognition with Understanding

14

Recognition and Repetition of Speech - Echolalia

Don't understand what you're repeating

Path :
Auditory phonological analysis > Acoustic to phonological converter > speech

15

Recognition and Repetition of Speech - Recognition with Understanding

Path:

Auditory phonological analysis > Phonological Input Lexicon (semantics) > Phonological output lexicon > Speech

16

Spelling and Writing

Writing Path:

Phonological Output lexicon (for spoken words) >

Orthographic Output Lexicon (producing written words with input from the semantic system OR retrieval of written word from Orthographic output lexicon) >

Sound to spelling system

17

Word Deafness

No comprehension of spoken language

No repetition

Confusion with deafness

Fluent and normal verbal output

Preserved reading/writing/spelling

18

Optic Aphasia

Left parietal/temporal lobe

Disorder in verbally identifying visually presented objects and words

Intact recognition - preserved ability to mim and tactually name

19

Orthographic knowledge

spelling knowledge of real words, mental dictionary

20

Abstract Letter Identification

Letters and fonts recognition

21

Orthographic Input Lexicon

Word Spelling: every known word has a representation in the mental dictionary

No meaning or pronunciation concept