Puberty and adolescent health Flashcards Preview

Child health SOH > Puberty and adolescent health > Flashcards

Flashcards in Puberty and adolescent health Deck (20):
1

What happens during puberty (pathway) ?

Hypothalamus increases secretion of GnRH so that pulsatile secretion of LH and FSH occurs.
This results in sufficient sex steroid production to result in the secondary sexual development.

2

What staging is used for puberty?

Tanner staging

3

Females usually enter puberty before males - true or false ?

True

4

Average age for female to enter puberty

11 years

5

Average age for male to enter puberty

11 years 6 months

6

Tanner stage 1 - girls

Pre-puberty
- No signs of pubertal development

7

Tanner stage 2-3 - girls

In puberty
- breast development OR/AND
- pubic or axillary hair

8

Tanner stage 4-5 - girls

Completing puberty
- Started periods +
- signs of pubertal development

9

Tanner stage 1 - boys

Pre-puberty
- No signs of pubertal development +
- High voice

10

Tanner stage 2-3 - boys

In puberty
- Slight deepening of voice AND/OR
- Pubic or axillary hair growth AND/OR
- Enlargement or testes or penis

11

Tanner stage 4-5 - boys

Completing puberty
- Voice fully broken
- Facial hair
- Adult size of penis with pubic and axillary hair

12

What does FSH do in females?

Works on the follicle to ultimately stimulate oestrogen

13

What are the 3 things to look for in female puberty?

Breast development
Pubic/axillary hair
Menarche

14

What is the first sign of puberty in a female?

Breast development

15

When does menarche usually begin in relation to breast development?

2-3 years after breast development

16

Precocious puberty (female)- what is it

Puberty occurring abnormally early - less than 8

17

Pubertal delay (female)

No breast development by the age of 13

18

Female growth spurts are usually after males - true or false?

False
- female growth spurt usually 12 years
- male growth spurt usually 14 years

19

Precocious puberty (males)

Pubertal development occurring abnormally early (less than 9)

20

Pubertal delay (males)

Absence of secondary sexual development by the age of 14