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Flashcards in Public Health Deck (223)
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1

A specialized area of biology that deals with living things usually too small for the naked eye without magnification

Microbiology

2

used for microorganisms in reference to their role in infection and disease

Microbes

3

microorganisms not having a nucleus and are smaller in size

Prokaryote

4

microorganisms having a nucleus and is larger

Eukaryotes

5

Dutch tailor, merchant, and self-made microbiologist who made the microscope

Antoni van Leeuwenhoek

6

Taxonomy

Linnaeus

7

Infection control and epidemiology

Semmelweis/Snow

8

Industrial microbiology, food and beverage technology

Pasteur

9

Microbial metabolism, genetics, genetic engineering

Buchner

10

Etiology

Koch

11

Virology

Ivanowski

12

Environmental microbiology Ecological Microbiology

Beijerinwick / Winogradsky

13

Microbial Morphology

Gram

14

Antiseptic medical techniques, Hospital microbiology

Lister/Nightingale

15

Serology, Immunology

Jenner/von Behring/Kitasato

16

Chemotherapy

Ehrlich:

17

Pharmaceutical microbiology

Fleming

18

The formal system for organizing, classifying, and naming living things.

Taxonomy

19

Swedish botanist, laid down the basic rules for taxonomic categories, or taxa

Carl von Linné

20

The orderly arrangement of organisms into groups, preferably in a format that shows evolutionary relationships.

Classification

21

The process of assigning names to the various taxonomic rankings of each microbial species.

Nomenclature

22

The process of discovering and recording the traits of the organisms so that they may be placed in an overall taxonomic scheme.

Identification

23

the method of assigning the scientific or specific name.

Binomial system of nomenclature

24

The natural relatedness between groups of living things.

Phylogeny

25

Used by biologists to create a system of taxonomy.

Phylogenetic relationships

26

added a 5th kingdom for fungi during the period 1959-1969.

Traditional Whittaker system

27

A system proposed by Carl Woese and George Fox that assigns all organisms to one of three domains, each described by a different type of cell.

Woese-Fox system

28

Organisms that derive their nutrients from other organisms; require one or more organic compounds as their carbon source.

Heterotrophs

29

Organisms that utilize inorganic source of carbon (C02). Also called primary producers

Autotrophs

30

Organisms that obtain energy from organic and inorganic chemical compounds

Chemotrophs