Flashcards in Pulmonary Gas Exchange Deck (16):
What is Dalton's Law?
total pressure exerted by the mixture of nonreactive gases is equal to the sum of the partial pressures of individual gases.
What is the equation of ideal gas law?
How is atmospheric air contents different from alveolar air contents?
Alveolar air has 6.18% water vapor.
6% less N in alveoli
1.3% less O2 in alveoli
.05% less Ar
CO2 is the same
What is Boyle's Law?
For a fixed amount of an ideal gas kept at a fixed temperature, P (pressure) and V(volume) are inversely proportional
What is Henry's Law?
At a constant temperature, the amount of a given gas that dissolves in a given type and volume of liquid is directly proportional to the partial pressure of that gas in equilibrium with that liquid.
What is vapor pressure?
partial pressure exerted to escape form the liquid phase to the gas phase
What is the vapor pressure at normal body temperature?
True or False. Vapor pressure is independent of temperature of the water?
False. Vapor pressure of water depends on the temperature of the water.
0degrees C ----> VP=5mmHg
37 degrees C ---> VP= 47mmHg
100 degrees C ----> VP= 760mmHg
What 5 factors affect rate of gas diffusion in a fluid?
-solubility of gas in the fluid
-cross-sectional are of the fluid
-distance through which the gas must diffuse
-molecular weight of gas
- temperature of fluid (remains reasonably constant)
What is the equation for gas diffusion rate?
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True or False. Alveolar air is replaced by each breath.
False.The volume of alveolar air replaced by new atmospheric air with each breath is only one seventh of the total, so multiple breaths are required to exchange most of the alveolar air.
What two factors controls the oxygen concentration within the alveoli?
-rate of absorption of oxygen into the blood
-rate of new oxygen entry into the lungs (alveolar ventilation)
What two factors control the concentration of CO2 in the alveoli?
-rate of CO2 excretion
- alveolar ventilation
What effect does increased CO2 excretion rate have on alveolar CO2 partial pressure?
alveolar partial pressure of CO2 will increase.
What effect does increased alveolar ventilation have on the partial pressure of CO2?
The partial pressure of CO2 decreases as alveolar ventilation increases.