PVD: Miscellaneous Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in PVD: Miscellaneous Deck (22):
0

Incidence of retro peritoneal hematoma

<.1%

1

What percent of retro peritoneal hematomas post cath need blood transfusion?

> 80%

2

Where are most AV fistulas found post femoral cath?

Distal to CFA (SFA or PFA)

3

Do many femoral AV fistulas close spontaneously?

Yes

4

When do you repair femoral AV fistula?

If signs or sxs of enlargement

5

5 P's of Acute Limb Ischemia

Pain, pallor, pulseless, paresthesias, paralysis

6

Name 2 large vessel vasculitides

Temporal arteritis
Takayasu's

7

Name 2 medium vessel vasculitidies

PAN
Kawasaki

8

Name 2 small vessel vasculitides

Behcet's
Churg-Strauss

9

Name 3 connective tissue disease vasculitides

SLE
scleroderma
RA

10

How do you diagnose and treat PAN?

Noninvasive angiography
Corticosteroids

11

What syndrome is associated with SLE? How do you treat it?

APLA
Warfarin

12

Top two etiologies for raynaud's? Rx for raynaud's ?

Scleroderma and SLE
Avoid triggers

13

Angiography with corkscrew appearance below knee. Dx?

Buerger's dz

14

Histology of Buerger's vasculopathy

Non-atherosclerotic
Segmental

15

ESR in Buerger's

Normal

16

Rx for. Buerger's

Quit smoking
(Rule out thromboembolic source)

17

What maneuver do you use to test for thoracic outlet syndrome? What is a positive sign?

Adson's
Loss of radial pulse as arm abducted 90 degrees

18

Rx for Thoracic outlet syndrome

Strength exercises
1st rib resection if severe

19

What is chronic venous dz with ulcer highly associated with?

DVT

20

How do you diagnose chronic venous insufficiency?

Duplex U/S

21

Rx for chronic venous insufficiency

Compression
Furosemide
Skin care
Ulcer therapy
Vein ablation