Qualitative Research Flashcards Preview

Research Methods in Counseling > Qualitative Research > Flashcards

Flashcards in Qualitative Research Deck (32):
1

purposive sampling

seeking individuals who will be rich sources of information

2

purposive criterion sampling

a number of criteria to be applied to the selection of a sample

3

demographic information

1. not a basis for selection
2. data collected AFTER selection

4

saturation

the point at which several additional participants fail to respond with new information that leads to new themes

5

semi-structured interviews

1. most widely used
2. face to face
3. recorded to be analyzed at a later date
4. contains an interview protocol

6

interview protocol

1. written directions
2. standard set of predetermined questions

7

phenomenological approach

examining perceptions

8

focus groups

1. 6-12 participants
2. lasts one hour
3. lead by a facilitator
4. gather to discuss a topic

9

Questioning route

set of predetermined questions for a focus group

10

nonparticipant observation

researcher observes participants as an outsider

11

participant observation

researcher becomes a member of the group

12

field research

observational methods with historical roots in anthropology

13

ethnography

focus on cultural issues

14

data triangulation

using multiple sources for obtaining data

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methods triangulation

two methods to collect data from one group

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researcher triangulation

more than one researcher collecting data

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interobserver agreement

process of coming to consensus between researchers

18

Peer review

another professional to check research protocols and give feedback

19

auditor

the peer giving the review

20

member checking

participants review the results to see if they seem correct

21

Grounded Theory

1. most commonly used approach
2. inductive method
3. three steps

22

Three Steps of Grounded Theory

1. open coding
2. axial coding
3. core category

23

Key to grounded theory

constant comparison

24

constant comparison

constantly comparing each new element of the data with all previous elements that have been coded in order to establish and refine categories

25

Consensual Qualitative Research (CQR)

1. inductive
2. team of researchers arrive at data meaning

26

Three Steps of CQR

1. code intro domains
2. core ideas within domains
3. cross-analysis

27

Code intro domains

segmenting data

28

core ideas within domains

short summaries that reduces original ideas into fewer words

29

cross-analysis

core ideas are grouped into categories based on similarities

30

External Stability Check

by examining data in addition to transcripts

31

Internal stability (3 parameters)

1. general (all participants)
2. typical (half or more)
3. variant (less than half)

32

CQR method requires...

auditors