Qualitative Research Methods Flashcards Preview

A2 Sociology > Qualitative Research Methods > Flashcards

Flashcards in Qualitative Research Methods Deck (72):
1

According to interpretivists, why should sociologists use qualitative research methods?

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2

In what way do unstructured interviews from structured interviews?

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3

What is the main attraction of unstructured interviews?

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4

Briefly explain the following practical issues associated with unstructured interviews:
- Rapport
- Training

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5

Briefly explain the following practical issues associated with unstructured interviews:
- Time
- Large amounts of data

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6

Briefly explain the following practical issues associated with unstructured interviews:
- Checking meanings
- Flexibility

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7

Briefly explain the following practical issues associated with unstructured interviews:
- Limited knowledge of the subject
- No pre-set questions

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8

What is the key criterion used by interpretivists to judge the usefulness of a method?

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9

Briefly explain how valid data can be achieved through involvement.

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10

According to Glaser and Strauss, why is it important to develop grounded theory?

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11

Briefly explain why unstructured interviews are more likely to reveal the interviewee's true meanings.

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12

Why do positivists reject the use of unstructured interviews?

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13

Briefly outline why positivists argue that unstructured interviews are not reliable.

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14

Why are the answers from unstructured interviews hard to categorise and quantify?

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15

According to positivists, why are unstructured interviews unlikely to be representative?

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16

Why is representativeness less important for interpretivists?

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17

According to positivists, why do unstructured interviews lack validity?

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18

Briefly outline the following features of a feminist approach to research:
- Value-committed
- Involvement

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19

Briefly outline the following feature of a feminist approach to research:
- Equality and collaboration

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20

According to Oakley, why was it advantageous to use unstructured interviews to research women becoming mothers?

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21

According to Pawson, why is Oakley's approach not distinctively feminists or original?

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22

Briefly explain non-participant observation.

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23

Briefly explain participant observation.

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24

What type of observation might positivists use?

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25

Briefly describe overt observation.

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26

Briefly describe covert observation.

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27

Which is the most common form of observation used in sociology?

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28

Using examples, explain the following problems associated with observation:
- Getting in
- Staying in
- Getting out

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29

Define verstehen.

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30

Briefly outline how participant observation allows a sociologist to gain verstehen.

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31

Briefly describe two kinds of group for whom participant observation might be the only suitable method for studying them.

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32

Briefly explain why participant observation enables sociologists to discover things that other methods miss.

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33

Briefly outline 5 practical limitations of using participant observation.

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34

What is the key criterion used by interpretivists to judge the usefulness of a method?

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35

Briefly explain how valid data can be achieved through involvement.

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36

According to Glaser and Strauss, why is it important to develop grounded theory?

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37

Briefly explain why participant observation is more likely to give a valid picture than interviews or questionnaires are.

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38

Why do positivists reject the use of participant observation?

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39

According to positivists, why is participant observation unlikely to be representative?

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40

Briefly outline why positivists argue that participant observation is not reliable.

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41

Briefly outline three ways in which participant observation lacks objectivity.

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42

According to positivists, why does participant observation lack validity?

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43

What is the Hawthorne effect and how does this affect participant observation?

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44

Briefly outline four characteristics of structured non-participant observation.

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45

Why do interpretivists reject structured observation?

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46

Briefly outline three ethical issues associated with covert participant observation.

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47

Briefly outline one ethical issue associated with both overt and covert participant observation.

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48

Why might it be difficult to obtain informed consent for participant observation?

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49

Briefly explain what is meant by 'going native'.

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50

Identify one ethical issue associated with covert non-participant observation.

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51

Why is participant observation favoured by 'action' perspectives?

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52

Why might a functionalist use participant observation?

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53

Give five examples of the following information sources:
- Written texts
- Other texts

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54

Give examples of public document.

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55

Give examples of personal documents.

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56

Give examples of historical documents.

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57

Briefly outline three advantages of using documents in sociological research.

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58

Briefly outline two practical difficulties in using documents in sociological research.

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59

Which methodological perspective favours the use of documents?

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60

Use an example to illustrate the ways in which documents reveal individuals' meanings.

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61

According to Soctt, why might documents lack validity?

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62

Briefly explain why documents may not be reliable.

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63

Briefly outline two reasons why documents may not be representative.

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64

Briefly outline why using unpublished documents may raise ethical issues.

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65

Why might their be justification for not gaining informed consent to use a document?

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66

Why might there still be an ethical issue with the use of documents even when the author is dead?

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67

Briefly outline how formal content analysis works.

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68

Why is formal content analysis attractive to positivists?

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69

Why might feminists use formal content analysis?

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70

Briefly explain an interpretivist criticism of formal content analysis.

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71

Briefly explain what is meant by thematic analysis.

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72

Briefly outline two criticisms of thematic analysis.

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