Flashcards in Quality Control Statistics Deck (28):

1

## What is the definition of mean?

### mathematical average

2

## What is the formula for the mean?

### sum of all the data points divided by number of data points

3

## Calculate the mean of 3, 7, 7, 19.

###
= (3+7+7+19)/4

= 36/4

= 9

4

## Calculate the median of 3, 7, 7, 19.

###
= (7 + 7) / 2

= 7

in this example, because we have an even number of data points, we take the two in the middle and average

5

## Calculate the mode of 3, 7, 7, 19.

### mode is the most common observation, so the mode is 7

6

## What is the formula for determining percent sensitivity?

###
= # disease persons with a positive test result divided by total # Disease Persons multiplied by 100

= TP / (TP + FN)

7

## What is the formula for determining percent specificity?

###
= # nondiseased persons with a negative test result divided by total number of nondiseased persons multiplied by 100.

= TN / (TN + FP)

8

## What is the formula for determining positive predictive value (PPV)?

### = TP / (TP + FP)

9

## What is the formula for determining negative predictive value (NPV)?

### = TN / (TN + FN)

10

## What is the definition of specificity?

###
probability of correctly classifying a non-diseased person as non-diseased

true negative rate

11

## What is the definition of False Positive Rate?

### probability of correctly classifying a non-diseased person as diseased

12

## What is the definition of sensitivity?

###
probability of correctly classifying a diseased person as diseased

true positive rate

13

## What is the formula for the False Positive Rate?

###
= FP / (TN + FP) x 100

or

= 1 - specificity

14

## What is the formula for the False Negative Rate?

###
= FN / (TP + FN) x 100

or

= 1 - sensitivity

15

## What is the formula for the total number of diseased persons?

### TP + FN

16

## What is the formula for the total number of non-diseased persons?

### TN + FP

17

## What is the definition of accuracy?

### closeness of a measured value to its true value. In other words, the ability to get close to the bulls eye.

18

## What is the definition of reproducibility?

### closeness of repeated measurements of the same quantity. in other words, the ability to hit the same spot on the target.

19

## With 'normal distribution', what is the value of observations that will make up the distribution between +/- one standard deviation?

### 68%

20

## With 'normal distribution', what is the value of observations that will make up the distribution between +/- two standard deviations?

### 95%

21

## With 'normal distribution', what is the value of observations that will make up the distribution between +/- three standard deviations?

### 99%

22

## What three conditions can be shown using a Levey-Jennings plot?

###
1. trend

2. shift

3. dispersion

23

## Describe a Levey-Jennings plot?

### plot of control results on the y-axis versus time on the x-axis.

24

## What is dispersion?

### increased frequency of both high and low numbers. the plot has values above and below the line designating 2SD.

25

## What is a trend?

### progressive drift of reported values from a prior mean. the plot shows a drift consistently above or below the line designating 2SD.

26

## What is a shift?

### an abrupt change from the established mean. The plot shows a very abrupt shift above or below the line designating 2SD.

27

## What is the number and type of patients that would be tested to establish a reference range?

###
100 patient from the local community.

Include variations in race, sex, age, weight, nutritional status, degree of physical activity, geography, time of day.

The range is established with the 95% confidence limits.

28