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Flashcards in quesitons 76-100 Deck (71):
1

Pharyngeal ____________ are covered by ectoderm and positioned between adjacent pharyngeal arches.

clefts

2

The mylohyoid and anterior belly of the digastric are both derived from the first _________________.

pharyngeal arch

3

Coordination of emotional responses is the function of the limbic circuit involving the amygdala whereas memory consolidation involves the _______________.

hippocampus

4

The stapedius muscle is a derivative of the second _____________.

pharyngeal arch

4

The ____________ initially develops as a diverticulum at foramen cecum a tongue structure.

thyroid gland

5

The primary motor cortex is located in the precentral gyrus of the __________ lobe.

frontal

6

The corneal (blink) reflex tests the ___________ function of the Vth cranial nerve and the __________ function of the VIIth cranial nerve.

sensory motor

6

The VA/VL nuclei of the thalamus are the specific relay nuclei for the motor system involving the __________ and _____________.

cerebellum basal ganglia

6

The thyroid gland initially develops as a ______________ at foramen cecum a tongue structure.

diverticulum

7

The primary auditory cortex is located in the __________ lobe.

temporal

7

The _______________ is located in the temporal lobe.

primary auditory cortex

7

The first ______________ positioned adjacent to the 2nd pharyngeal cleft contributes to the formation of the external ear.

pharyngeal cleft

8

The neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary) is the region of the pituitary gland that contains the axon terminals of neurons in the _____________ that secrete oxytocin or vasopressin into the bloodstream.

hypothalamus

9

The amygdala a cerebral structure involved in the coordination of emotional responses is located in the anterior-medial aspect of the ____________ lobe.

temporal

11

The primary motor cortex is located in the __________ gyrus of the frontal lobe.

precentral

12

The levator palatini muscle is a derivative of the _________ pharyngeal arch.

fourth

12

The _____________ muscle is a derivative of the fourth pharyngeal arch.

levator palatini

13

The ____________ and anterior belly of the digastric are both derived from the first pharyngeal arch.

mylohyoid

13

The levator palatini muscle is a derivative of the fourth ________________.

pharyngeal arch

14

The amygdala a cerebral structure involved in the coordination of ____________ responses is located in the anterior-medial aspect of the temporal lobe.

emotional

16

The _____________ a cerebral structure involved in the coordination of emotional responses is located in the anterior-medial aspect of the temporal lobe.

amygdala

17

******************The neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary) is the region of the pituitary gland that contains the axon terminals of neurons in the hypothalamus that secrete _____________ or _____________ into the bloodstream.

oxytocin vasopressin

17

The tongue is derived from the first second third and fourth pharyngeal arches and _____________ from the occipital somites.

myoblasts

19

Axons projecting to and from the hippocampus a structure critical to the formation of new memories traverse the _______________.

fornix

19

Axons projecting to and from the _____________ a structure critical to the formation of new memories traverse the fornix.

hippocampus

19

Pharyngeal clefts are covered by ectoderm and positioned between adjacent _____________.

pharyngeal arches

20

The thyroid gland initially develops as a diverticulum at foramen cecum a _________ structure.

tongue

22

The ___________ reflex tests the sensory function of the Vth cranial nerve and the motor function of the VIIth cranial nerve.

corneal (blink)

23

Coordination of _________ responses is the function of the limbic circuit involving the amygdala whereas memory consolidation involves the hippocampus.

emotional

24

The ______________ and thymus are derivatives of the 3rd pharyngeal pouch.

parathyroid glands

25

The parathyroid glands and _____________ are derivatives of the 3rd pharyngeal pouch.

thymus

25

The _________ is derived from the first second third and fourth pharyngeal arches and myoblasts from the occipital somites.

tongue

25

The maxilla forms from fusion of the ___________________ and distal zones of the paired maxillary processes.

bilateral medial nasal processes

26

The VA/VL nuclei of the thalamus are the specific relay nuclei for the ____________ system involving the cerebellum and basal ganglia.

motor

27

The mylohyoid and ________________ are both derived from the first pharyngeal arch.

anterior belly of the digastric

28

Coordination of emotional responses is the function of the limbic circuit involving the _______________ whereas memory consolidation involves the hippocampus.

amygdala

29

The __________ forms from fusion of the bilateral medial nasal processes and distal zones of the paired maxillary processes.

maxilla

30

The first pharyngeal cleft positioned adjacent to the _________ pharyngeal cleft contributes to the formation of the external ear.

second

31

The maxilla forms from fusion of the bilateral medial nasal processes and ____________ of the paired maxillary processes.

distal zones

32

The parathyroid glands and thymus are derivatives of the _______ pharyngeal pouch.

third

33

The maxilla forms from fusion of the bilateral medial nasal processes and distal zones of the paired ____________.

maxillary processes

34

The tongue is derived from the _________ __________ __________ and __________ pharyngeal arches and myoblasts from the occipital somites.

first second third fourth

36

_____________ clefts are covered by ectoderm and positioned between adjacent pharyngeal arches.

pharyngeal

37

The stapedius muscle is a derivative of the _________ pharyngeal arch.

second

38

The secondary palate is formed by the fusion of the right and left __________ shelves.

palatine

40

___________ hematomas are typically associated with a laceration of one or more of the meningeal arteries whereas subdural hematomas are associated with tears of the _____________ veins.

epidural superficial cerebral

42

The amygdala a cerebral structure involved in the coordination of emotional responses is located in the ___________ aspect of the temporal lobe.

anterior-medial

43

The hypothalamus a brain structure involved in the regulation of body weight sleep and sexual behavior is a subdivision of the _________________ (region of the brain).

diencephalon

44

The _____________ is formed by the fusion of the right and left palatine shelves.

secondary palate

46

The corneal (blink) reflex tests the sensory function of the ______ cranial nerve and the motor function of the ________ cranial nerve.

Vth VIIth

47

Coordination of emotional responses is the function of the limbic circuit involving the amygdala whereas __________ consolidation involves the hippocampus.

memory

48

Coordination of emotional responses is the function of the ___________ circuit involving the amygdala whereas memory consolidation involves the hippocampus.

limbic

49

The mylohyoid and anterior belly of the digastric are both derived from the ___________ pharyngeal arch.

first

49

The tongue is derived from the first second third and fourth pharyngeal arches and myoblasts from the ______________.

occipital somites

51

The __________________ is located in the precentral gyrus of the frontal lobe.

primary motor cortex

52

Epidural hematomas are typically associated with a laceration of one or more of the ____________ arteries whereas _______________ hematomas are associated with tears of the superficial cerebral veins.

meningeal subdural

53

Pharyngeal clefts are covered by ___________ and positioned between adjacent pharyngeal arches.

ectoderm

55

The VA/VL nuclei of the __________ are the specific relay nuclei for the motor system involving the cerebellum and basal ganglia.

thalamus

56

The ___________ muscle is a derivative of the second pharyngeal arch.

stapedius

57

The thyroid gland initially develops as a diverticulum at ____________ a tongue structure.

foramen cecum

59

The _____________ a brain structure involved in the regulation of body weight sleep and sexual behavior is a subdivision of the diencephalon (region of the brain).

hypothalamus

61

The malleus and incus (ossicles) are both derivatives of the ________________.

pharyngeal arch

62

The neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary) is the region of the ____________ that contains the axon terminals of neurons in the hypothalamus that secrete oxytocin or vasopressin into the bloodstream.

pituitary gland

63

The first pharyngeal cleft positioned adjacent to the 2nd pharyngeal cleft contributes to the formation of the ____________.

external ear

65

The _________ nuclei of the thalamus are the specific relay nuclei for the motor system involving the cerebellum and basal ganglia.

VA/VL

66

The reticular activating system is located in the _____________ a major brain subdivision.

brainstem

67

The __________ and ____________ (ossicles) are both derivatives of the pharyngeal arch.

malleus incus

68

Axons projecting to and from the hippocampus a structure critical to the formation of _____________ traverse the fornix.

new memories

69

The ___________________ is the region of the pituitary gland that contains the axon terminals of neurons in the hypothalamus that secrete oxytocin or vasopressin into the bloodstream.

neurohypophysis (posterior pituitary)

70

The tongue is derived from the first second third and fourth ___________ and myoblasts from the occipital somites.

pharyngeal arches

71

The _________________ is located in the brainstem a major brain subdivision.

reticular activating system