Questions 51-75 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Questions 51-75 Deck (76):
1

The primary afferent neuron (cell body) for ___________ sensation is located in the spiral ganglion.

auditory

2

The ___________________ for auditory sensation is located in the spiral ganglion.

primary afferent neuron (cell body)

2

The optic nerve contains the axons of the ganglion cells of the __________.

retina

3

The cell bodies of the second order neurons of the pain and temperature pathway for the head are located in the _________ nucleus.

trigeminal

3

Axons arising from the lateral geniculate nucleus project to the __________________ of the occipital lobe.

primary visual cortex

3

The majority of the commissural axons passing from one cerebral hemisphere to the contralateral cerebral hemisphere pass through the _______________.

corpus callosum

3

The output of the globus pallidus controls motor movements by inhibition of the motor nuclei (VA/VL) of the ___________.

thalamus

4

The globus pallidus and _________ are positioned directly lateral to the internal capsule.

putamen

4

Axons arising from the lateral geniculate nucleus project to the primary visual cortex of the _____________ lobe.

occipital

4

The ____________________ are located in the tectum the dorsal aspect of the midbrain.

superior and inferior colliculi

4

Axons arising from the left pontine nuclei project to the cerebellar cortex by passing through the right middle _________________.

cerebellar peduncle

6

The medial geniculate nucleus is the thalamus relay nucleus for the ____________ system.

auditory

7

The ________________ nucleus is the thalamus relay nucleus for the auditory system.

medial geniculate

7

Axons arising from the left pontine nuclei project to the cerebellar cortex by passing through the _____________ cerebellar peduncle.

right middle

8

The organ of corti is located in the ____________ of the inner ear.

cochlea

8

The _______ is the most important end organ for our sense of linear horizontal acceleration.

utricle

8

The _______________ region of the cerebellum modulates motor movements of the trunk.

midline

9

The utricle is the most important end organ for our sense of ____________ acceleration.

linear horizontal

10

The parapharyngeal space is positioned between the __________ and the superior constrictor.

medial pterygoid

11

The mesencephalic trigeminal nucleus contains the neuronal cell bodies for some of the primary sensory afferents innervating ___________ muscle spindles.

temporalis

12

The majority of the commissural axons passing from one cerebral hemisphere to the __________ cerebral hemisphere pass through the corpus callosum.

contralateral

13

The cell bodies of the second order neurons of the __________ pathway for the head are located in the spinal trigeminal nucleus.

pain and temperature

14

The output of the globus pallidus controls motor movements by inhibition of the _____________ (VA/VL) of the thalamus.

motor nuclei

15

Axons arising from the ____________ nuclei project to the cerebellar cortex by passing through the right middle cerebellar peduncle.

left pontine

17

Axons projecting from the thalamus to the cerebral cortex must pass through the __________.

internal capsule

19

The __________ and putamen are positioned directly lateral to the internal capsule.

globus pallidus

21

somatosensory system.

trigeminal

23

The upper molars and their associated ________ mucosa are innervated by the PSA nerves.

buccal

24

The mesencephalic trigeminal nucleus contains the neuronal cell bodies for some of the ____________ innervating temporalis muscle spindles.

primary sensory afferents

25

Axons projecting from the __________ to the cerebellar cortex pass through the inferior cerebellar peduncle.

inferior olive

26

The ___________ and their associated buccal mucosa are innervated by the PSA nerves.

upper molars

26

The globus pallidus and putamen are positioned directly _________ to the internal capsule.

lateral

27

Axons projecting from the inferior olive to the cerebellar cortex pass through the _____________ cerebellar peduncle.

inferior

27

The _____________ is a receptor structure located in the semicircular canals of the petrous portion of the temporal bone.

crista ampullaris

28

The majority of the _____________ axons passing from one cerebral hemisphere to the contralateral cerebral hemisphere pass through the corpus callosum.

commissural

29

The utricle is the most important end organ for our sense of linear horizontal ____________.

acceleration

30

The cell bodies of the ________ neurons of the pain and temperature pathway for the head are located in the spinal trigeminal nucleus.

second order

31

Most of the brainstem lower motor neurons receive bilateral corticobulbar afferents. Which cranial nerve nucleus (or subdivision) receives only contralateral corticobulbar afferents?

Lower facial nucleus

33

The _______ nerve innervates the mucosa overlying the floor of the oral cavity.

lingual

34

The optic nerve contains the axons of the _________ cells of the retina.

ganglion

35

The superior and inferior colliculi are located in the tectum the __________ aspect of the midbrain.

dorsal

36

The _________ of the globus pallidus controls motor movements by inhibition of the motor nuclei (VA/VL) of the thalamus.

output

38

The __________ and ___________ nerves innervate the mucosa of the hard palate.

greater palatine nasopalatine

39

The crista ampullaris is a receptor structure located in the semicircular canals of the petrous portion of the __________ bone.

temporal

39

The midline region of the cerebellum modulates ________ movements of the trunk.

motor

39

The midline region of the cerebellum modulates motor movements of the _________.

trunk

41

The crista ampullaris is a receptor structure located in the ____________ of the petrous portion of the temporal bone.

semicircular canals

42

Axons projecting from the deep cerebellar nuclei to the thalamus pass through the _________ cerebellar peduncle.

superior

43

The ___________ is located in the cochlea of the inner ear.

organ of corti

44

The ____________ nerve contains the axons of the ganglion cells of the retina.

optic

46

The globus pallidus and putamen are positioned directly lateral to the __________.

internal capusle

47

The medial geniculate nucleus is the __________ relay nucleus for the auditory system.

thalamus

49

The primary afferent neuron (cell body) for auditory sensation is located in the ______________.

spiral ganglion

50

The superior and inferior colliculi are located in the tectum the dorsal aspect of the ______________.

midbrain

51

Axons arising from the _____________ nucleus project to the primary visual cortex of the occipital lobe.

lateral geniculate

52

The output of the _____________ controls motor movements by inhibition of the motor nuclei (VA/VL) of the thalamus.

globus pallidus

54

Axons projecting from the deep cerebellar nuclei to the _________ pass through the superior cerebellar peduncle.

thalamus

55

Axons projecting from the __________ to the cerebral cortex must pass through the internal capsule.

thalamus

56

The _____________ nucleus contains the neuronal cell bodies for some of the primary sensory afferents innervating temporalis muscle spindles.

mesencephalic trigeminal

57

The crista ampullaris is a receptor structure located in the semicircular canals of the __________ portion of the temporal bone.

petrous

58

*******************The greater palatine and nasopalatine nerves innervate the mucosa of the ____________.

hard palate

59

Axons projecting from the ___________ to the thalamus pass through the superior cerebellar peduncle.

deep cerebellar nuclei

60

The parapharyngeal space is positioned between the medial pterygoid and the _______________.

superior constrictor

61

The _______________ is positioned between the medial pterygoid and the superior constrictor.

parapharyngeal space

62

Axons projecting from the thalamus to the ___________ must pass through the internal capsule.

cerebral cortex

63

The VPM nucleus of the __________ is the specific relay nucleus for the trigeminal somatosensory system.

thalamus

65

The lingual nerve innervates the mucosa overlying the floor of the _________.

oral cavity

66

The upper molars and their associated buccal mucosa are innervated by the ______ nerves.

PSA

67

somatosensory system.

VPM

68

Axons arising from the left pontine nuclei project to the ______________ by passing through the right middle cerebellar peduncle.

cerebellar cortex

71

Axons projecting from the inferior olive to the _____________ pass through the inferior cerebellar peduncle.

cerebellar cortex

72

The output of the globus pallidus controls motor movements by ___________ of the motor nuclei (VA/VL) of the thalamus.

inhibition

73

The lingual nerve innervates the mucosa overlying the ___________ of the oral cavity.

floor

74

The superior and inferior colliculi are located in the ___________ the dorsal aspect of the midbrain.

tectum

75

The output of the globus pallidus controls _________ movements by inhibition of the motor nuclei (VA/VL) of the thalamus.

motor

76

The midline region of the ___________ modulates motor movements of the trunk.

cerebellum