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Flashcards in Questions Deck (35)
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Name the membrane sac which encloses the heart

Pericardium

1

What is the large gland which extends into the neck region partially covers the heart

Thymus gland

2

Another name for the mitral vavle is the ___valve

Bicuspid

3

Name the valves located at the Origin of the aorta

Aortic semi lunar vavle

4

The first branches of the aorta, located near it's base less to the __

Body

5

First branches of the aorta near it's base, is known as___

Coronary

6

Blood returning from the lower portion of the body enters the right atrium of the heart through the blood vessel known as

Vena cava

7

The flaps of the atriovascular valves are held in place by the tough fibrous___

Chordae tendinae

8

Oxygenated blood from the lungs enters the heart at the __

Left atrium

9

The right and left ventricles are separated by the ___

Inter ventricular septum

10

Papillary muscle

A small muscle that anchors heart valves

11

Foramen ovale

An opening in the heart between 2 atrias in the fetus

12

Endocardium

Wraps each heart chamber

13

Coronary thrombosis

A blood clot plugs up part of coronary artery

14

Fibrillation

Irregular heartbeat causing poor blood flow to the heart

15

Mitral stenosis

Disease caused by the narrowing of mitral valve

16

Heart murmur

Abnormal sounds during a heartbeat cycle

17

Rheumatic heart

A disease resulted from strep throat

18

Chordae tendinae

Attach the AV valves to the wall of ventricles

19

Tachycardia

A fast heart beat at rest

20

Auricle

A flap like lateral wall of each atrium

21

Also known as the mitral valve or left AV valve

Bicuspid

22

The right AV is also known as the __ valve

Tricuspid

23

The aortic semilunar valve has ___ pocket like flaps of tissue

3

24

Chordae tendinae

Fibrous structures that prevent the cuspid valves from pro lapsing (bending valve )

25

One way flow of blood from the right ventricle is ensured by the presence of the ___ valve

Pulmonary semi lunar valve

26

Mitral valve prolapse, which is abnormal, may allow blood to enter the ___ during contraction of the left ventricle

Left atrium

27

The small cardiac vein and right coronary artery can be found along the right ___ sulcus

Atrioventricular sulcus

28

The great cardiac vein and anterior inter ventricular artery can be found along the anterior ___ sulcus

Inter ventricular sulcus

29

What ventricle of the myocardium is thicker

Left myocardium

30

The wall of the aorta is thicker or thinner than the wall of the superior vena cava

Thicker

31

What are beam like processes of the inner face of the myocardium

Trabeculae

32

The "point" of the heart is called

Apex

33

In the sheep, the right atrium is ___ to the right ventricle

Superior

34

What happens in the lungs

Oxygen is added
Carbon dioxide is lost