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1

Canon

The official list of documents that a religious community accepts as authoritative and binding

2

Septuagint

a Greek version of the Hebrew Bible, including the Apocrypha, made for Greek-speaking Jews in Egypt in 250 BCE and adopted by the early Christian Churches.

3

Deuterocanon

Secondary , or later, canon

4

Scripture

a body of writings that a religious group considers sacred and authoritative in determining the group's beliefs and practices

5

Hebrew Bible

an anthology of sacred texts in the Hebrew language

6

Apocrypha

the books later added to the Bible as known to the Protestants

7

How do most Christian Bibles divide the Old Testament?

devided into 4 major sections, grouping books together according to their literary genre (category)

  1. Pentateuch (five scrolls)
  2. Historical Books
  3. Poetry and Wisdom
  4. Prophetic Books

8

The four-part  Old Testament begins with the_____

Pentateuch

9

What are the books in the Pentateuch

The first five books of the Bible:

  1. Genesis
  2. Exodus
  3. Leviticus
  4. Numbers
  5. Deuteronomy

10

How did Jewish editors arrange their holy books?

in a three-part sequence that emphasized God's ongoing relationship with Israel.

11

The three-part Jewish Bible, the tripartite, is commonly known as the _____

Tanakh

12

What are the three parts of the Tanakh?

  1. Torah ( 5 books of Mosaic instruction)
  2. Nevi'im (Prophets)
  3. Kethuvim (Writings)

13

What is God in Hebrew?

What is Gods?

El

Elohim

14

What is Cosmos?

harmonious system

15

Theophany

God's revelation of his earhly presence occurs in a series of appearances in which he communicatres directly with humanity

16

the translation of the divine name of the Jewish God into English

17

Tetragrammaton

the Hebrew name of God transliterated in four letters as YHWH

18

Immanence

Presence in human life

19

Transcendence

the absolute independence of YHWH of both the human and natural worlds

20

Covenant

(Hebrew: Berith) A common sociopolitical concept in the ancient Near East , that means agreement, pact, vow, promise, treaty, or even contract.

21

Diaspora

Jews living outsife of Israel (the dispersion of the Jews outside Israel)

22

What are the two possible origins of the name Israel?

  1. The 12 tribe United Kingdom of Isreal which was briefly united under its first three kinds, Saul, David and Solomon
  2. After Solomon's death the 10 northern tribes withdrew from the UK to form the separate nation of Israel. The smaller southern kingdom with its capital at Jerusalem was then named after its leading tribe Judah.

23

Aramaic

a Semitic language that gradually replaced Hebrew as the language of the Jews and was itself supplanted by Arabic in the 7th century ad .

24

Masoretes

  • literally meaning "transmitters".

Medieval Jewish scholars who produced the oldest biblical texts

25

MT

Masoretic Text produced by the masorets from the 9th through the early 11th centuries C.E. it is the edition on which most translations are based.

26

Dead Sea Scrolls

  • More than 220 biblical manuscripts discovered in 1947 in Qumran.
  • It is almost 1000 years older than the standard Masoretic Text.

27

Deuteronomic History

Deuteronomy and the sequence of narrative books from Joshua through 2 Kings that adopts Deuteronomy's distictive view of history

28

Rabbis

Teachers of Torah

29

Academy of Jamnia

It's where the rabbis formally closed the canon deciding exactly which books constituted genuine Scrpipture (90 C.E.)

30

Jamnia (Yavneh)

The coastal town where the rabbis assembled to unify postwar Judaism after the Roman destruction of Jewish State.

31

Vulgate

  • A Latin translation of the Bible in the "volgar", or common tongue. Translated from the Hebrew and Greek by Jerome between 382 and 405 CE
  • It is the Catholic Church Bible