The official list of documents that a religious community accepts as authoritative and binding
a Greek version of the Hebrew Bible, including the Apocrypha, made for Greek-speaking Jews in Egypt in 250 BCE and adopted by the early Christian Churches.
Secondary , or later, canon
a body of writings that a religious group considers sacred and authoritative in determining the group's beliefs and practices
an anthology of sacred texts in the Hebrew language
the books later added to the Bible as known to the Protestants
How do most Christian Bibles divide the Old Testament?
devided into 4 major sections, grouping books together according to their literary genre (category)
- Pentateuch (five scrolls)
- Historical Books
- Poetry and Wisdom
- Prophetic Books
The four-part Old Testament begins with the_____
What are the books in the Pentateuch
The first five books of the Bible:
How did Jewish editors arrange their holy books?
in a three-part sequence that emphasized God's ongoing relationship with Israel.
The three-part Jewish Bible, the tripartite, is commonly known as the _____
What are the three parts of the Tanakh?
Torah ( 5 books of Mosaic instruction)
What is God in Hebrew?
What is Gods?
What is Cosmos?
God's revelation of his earhly presence occurs in a series of appearances in which he communicatres directly with humanity
the translation of the divine name of the Jewish God into English
the Hebrew name of God transliterated in four letters as YHWH
Presence in human life
the absolute independence of YHWH of both the human and natural worlds
(Hebrew: Berith) A common sociopolitical concept in the ancient Near East , that means agreement, pact, vow, promise, treaty, or even contract.
Jews living outsife of Israel (the dispersion of the Jews outside Israel)
What are the two possible origins of the name Israel?
The 12 tribe United Kingdom of Isreal which was briefly united under its first three kinds, Saul, David and Solomon
After Solomon's death the 10 northern tribes withdrew from the UK to form the separate nation of Israel. The smaller southern kingdom with its capital at Jerusalem was then named after its leading tribe Judah.
a Semitic language that gradually replaced Hebrew as the language of the Jews and was itself supplanted by Arabic in the 7th century ad .
literally meaning "transmitters".
Medieval Jewish scholars who produced the oldest biblical texts
Masoretic Text produced by the masorets from the 9th through the early 11th centuries C.E. it is the edition on which most translations are based.
Dead Sea Scrolls
More than 220 biblical manuscripts discovered in 1947 in Qumran.
It is almost 1000 years older than the standard Masoretic Text.
Deuteronomy and the sequence of narrative books from Joshua through 2 Kings that adopts Deuteronomy's distictive view of history
Teachers of Torah
Academy of Jamnia
It's where the rabbis formally closed the canon deciding exactly which books constituted genuine Scrpipture (90 C.E.)
The coastal town where the rabbis assembled to unify postwar Judaism after the Roman destruction of Jewish State.