Quiz 2 - Part1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz 2 - Part1 Deck (18)
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1

A Cannaanite-Phoenician term meaning "lord" or "master" the name applied Canaan's most popular fertility god. He is also pictured as god of storm and rainfall.

Baal

2

the compilation of Sumero-Babylonian laws inscribed on the basaltic stele of Hammurabi

Code of Hammurabi

3

a theory or tradition about the origin or birth of the universe

Cosmogony

4

A theory describing the natural order or structure of the universe

Cosmology

5

a wedge-shaped system of writing that originated in ancient Sumer circa 3000 BCE and spread throughout Mesopotamia

Cuneiform

6

A scholarly theory associated with Julius Wllhausen that argues that the Pentateuch is not the work of one author, but the result of many generations of anonymous writers

Documentary hypothesis

7

in Canaan was the high God, father of lesser deities

El

8

The scholarly term designating the anonymous scribe or compiler responsible for the E document in the pentateuch

Elohist

9

The arch of fertile territory stretching from the Persian Gulf on the northeast to Egypt on the southwest and including Mesopotamia, Syria and Palestine

Fertile Crescent

10

The legendary king of Uruk

Gilgamesh

11

The 6th king of Babylon's 1st Dynasty and founder of the 1st Amorite Empire in Mesopotamia

Hammurabi

12

it means "YHWH heals "The son of Amon, became king of Judah after his father's murder

Josiah

13

an upright slab or pillar inscribed with a commemorative message such as that bearing the code of Hammurabi

Stele

14

Flat-topped artificial mounds consisting of the ruins of ancient cities that dot the landscape of Mesopotamia, Syria, and Palestine

Tel

15

Ancient Canaanite city where cuneiform archives were found that preserve prebiblical religious text and myths about El and Baal

Ugarit (Ras Shamra)

16

The Babylonian Noah

Utnapishtim

17

the name scholars give the anonymous scribe or compiler who produced the J document the oldest strarum in the Pentateuch

Yahwist

18

Judaism supreme declaration of covenant faith

Shema