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Flashcards in Quiz 1 Deck (20)
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1

Frege

Depressed

2

Russel

Pipe

3

Whitehead

Self explanatory

4

Whether a statement is ACTUALLY T/F

Truth Value

5

Argument

set of statements for which the premises are supposed to support/give reason for the remaining statement, the conclusion

6

Premise indicators

As, since, for, because, given that, for the reason that, in as much as

7

Conclusion Indicators

Therefore, hence, thus, so, we may infer, consequently, it follows that

8

Valid

not possible to use the same form and for all premises to be true and conclusion to be false.

Doesn't matter about the arguments: look at the FORM

9

Counterargument

All true premises and a false conclusion

10

Cogency (inductive reasonsing)

Inductively strong and all premises are true

11

Increase strength of argument

larger sample size, narrow conclusion, more relevant similarities, fewer relevant dissimilarities

12

Abduction

type of inductive, also explains truth of premises

inference to best explanation

13

Smallest argument

1 premise 1 conclusion

14

Tautologies

logically true, not possible to be false

15

Self-contradictions

logically false, can't be true

16

Simple Sentence

1 subject 1 predicate

17

Vocab

symbols ^ down carrot, -->, hook,

18

Syntax

grammar, rules for combining symbols

19

Semantics

rules that tell us what vocab means

20

proof system

rules that tell us when we can deduce 1 sentence from language from another