Flashcards in Quiz 1 Review Deck (15):
Is multitasking effective? Why/why not?
No. It takes your attention away from one thing and puts it on something else. You choose to do both things at a lesser quality.
Metacognition is the ability to:
Think about one's own thinking, be consciously aware of oneself as a problem solver, monitor and control one's mental processing, and accurately judge one's level of learning.
There are two types of metacognition. One is called Reflection. What does that mean?
Thinking about what we know.
There are two types of metacognition. One is called Self-Regulation. What does that mean?
Managing how we go about learning.
What are the three basic metacognitive strategies?
1) Connecting new information to former knowledge 2) Selecting thinking strategies deliberately 3) Planning, monitoring, and evaluating thinking processes.
Shallow processing focuses on what?
Spelling, appearance, and sound.
Deep-level processing focuses on what?
Give an example of shallow processing and an example of deep processing.
Deep: Relating new information to prior knowledge.
Who viewed education as a never ending curriculum, self directed and self paced, and not giving in to patterned behavior?
What is wide awakeness?
Not giving in to patterned behavior.
What are the four main philosophies of education?
Perennialism, Essentialism, Romanticism, and Progressivism.
Describe the Perennialist view of education.
Views truth and nature as constant, objective, and unchanging. People must spend their lives searching for these truths. Education is crucial because it develops a person's mental discipline and rationality.
Describe the Essentialist view of education.
Child centered approach to education that thought students were not getting the necessary education in schools. A very practical view that looks down on "frills" and distraction. A uniquely American perspective. Students are simply seen as learners and their own interests are disregarded.
Describe the Romanticist view of education.
Children need to be isolated from society for as long as possible to keep them good. No formal lessons, no books to read or facts to memorize, and no specific curriculum. Students decide what they want to learn based on their interests. Considers the needs of the individuals more than the needs of society.