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Flashcards in Quiz 3 Review Deck (17):

In 2009, what act stimulated the economy with $787 billion, some of which benefitted public schools?

The American Recovery and Reinvestment Act


Why did public education begin to lose a lot of funding in 2011?

The "stimulus" ran its course. Also, multiple states, including PA, began cutting its education budget.


How many mandatory, standardized tests does the average American student take from K-12?



What (recent) act removed Federal Government from education?

The Every Student Succeeds Act


What is the significance of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act?

The federal government created a role for itself in public education. If schools didn't live up to their expectations/standards, they did not get the funding.


What is "A Nation At Risk"?

Literature that recommended a longer school day, longer school year, higher graduation requirements, and more homework. It regulated how many math, English, science, and social studies courses a student should take,


What is Goals 2000?

Created in 1994, outlined goals for American Public Education to reach in the next few years, such as that all adults should be literate, reducing drug use in high schools, voluntary testing, higher graduation rates, etc.


What did the No Child Left Behind Act do?

Established testing in grades 3-8 and 10, brought a more prominent role for federal government into the education system.


What was the purpose of Race to the Top (2010)

It was the Obama Administration's attempt to improve No Child Left Behind when people saw it wasn't working.


What was the Every Student Succeeds Act?

The federal government was largely removed from education; power was returned mostly to state and local governments.


What act stated that schools receiving Title 1 funding through the Elementary and Secondary Education Act must make Adequate Yearly Progress?

No Child Left Behind


Who is the current Secretary of Education?

Betsy DeVos


What types of schools are included in "school choice"?

Magnet schools, contract schools, homeschooling, charter schools, and public voucher plans.


People opposed to school choice argue what?

Schools don't grow, they just become more selective.


What is a union?

An organized association of workers formed to protect and further their rights and interests


What is Tenure?

Due process rights after a probationary period


What question should observers of teachers ask instead of "How effective is this teacher?"

How is this teacher effective?