Quiz 2 Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Quiz 2 Review Deck (26):
1

Who was the first president to believe that government should have a role in creating equal education and initiated the Coleman Report?

Lyndon Johnson

2

Why does social class affect school outcomes?

Class is linked to parental involvement, social status itself, monetary difference, parents' work, and available networks.

3

What is the most defining factor of how a parent will behave at school?

Their status.

4

(Definition) The arrangement or classification of something into different groups.

Stratification

5

(definition) Not the formal curriculum, but rather a side effect of education. It is the [lessons] which are learned but not openly intended, such as transition of norms, values, and beliefs

Hidden curriculum

6

(definition) Federal law that prohibits discrimination on the basis of sex in any federally funded education program or activity.

Title IX (1972)

7

What is the current trend in the gender difference/gap in schools?

Boys are starting to fall behind girls in most forms of education.

8

Ability grouping is aimed at which group of kids?

Younger, elementary aged children

9

Tracking is aimed at which group of kids?

High school age children

10

(definition) Tracking is based on ability and motivation and therefore funnels the best students into the highest tracks and thus the most important adult roles

Meritocratic

11

(definition) Track placement often based on ascribed characteristics and thus reproduces existing inequalities

Social reproduction

12

Does track placement usually follow a more meritocratic system or more of a socially reproductive system?

Meritocratic

13

Who wanted to abolish tracking because of inequalities in access, discriminatory practices, and heterogeneity? They also believed that homogenous classrooms are a very effective way to teach.

Oakes

14

Who wanted to improve tracking rather than eliminate it because it gave an effective organizational practice and tailored instruction?

Hallinan

15

What are characteristics of schools that are "more tracked"?

Bigger schools, higher SES, diverse race, suburb town, eastern states.

16

What are characteristics of schools that are "less tracked"?

Smaller schools, lower SES, less diverse race, rural, Midwest/west.

17

True/false: Students and schools are more racially segregated today than they were when Martin Luther King JR gave his last speech in 1968.

True

18

Why have schools become more racially segregated in the years since MLK's last speech?

The US has a history of making integration difficult at the structural level. Policies have been created but have been hard to implement or have been retracted or removed in recent years.

19

What was the ruling in Plessy v Ferguson?

Separate is constitutional as long as it is equal in its facilities.

20

Prior to the Brown case, how many schools required racial segregation?

About 1/3

21

What did Pauli Murray argue would be a more effective way to get schools desegregated and integrated?

Lawyers and advocators should start fighting the "separate" part and stop trying to fight the "equal" part.

22

Segregation violates which amendments?

13th and 14th

23

What did Kenneth and Mamie Clark's research conclude?

Segregated schooling was hurting the self esteem of African American children.

24

What was the ruling in Brown v Board of Education?

Separate but equal is inherently unequal; schools should be integrated "with all deliberate speed."

25

How long did it take to integrate schools?

11 years (1954-1965)

26

What was the purpose of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act?

To incentivize schools to desegregate and integrate by offering federal money to schools that did.