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Reasons for expansion

Profits, patriotism, piety, and politics/public opinion

1

White Man's Burden

The spreading of American values to non-white people (the uncivilized)

2

Yellow Journalism

journalism that is based upon sensationalism and crude exaggeration, led to war with Spain

3

USS Maine

Thought to have been sunk by Spaniards, leads to support of war; but really the gun room was too close to the boiler

4

Teller Amendment

a joint resolution of the US Congress, enacted on April 20, 1898, in reply to McKinley's War Message; placed a condition on US military's presence in Cuba

5

Treaty of Paris 1898

Ratified in February, 1899, ended the American Revolutionary War between Great Britain and the US; gave US temporary control of Cuba and permanent control over Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines

6

Insular Cases 1904

Addressed status of new territories and ruled the constitution did not follow the flag

7

Open Door Notes/Policy

Proposed free trade in China and supported territorial integrity in China

8

William McKinley

Won election of 1900, supported imperialism

9

Roosevelt Corollary 1904

Extinction of Monroe Doctrine, discouraged European expansion in the Western Hemisphere; US are policemen of the Western Hemisphere

10

Panama Canal 1904

Helps military and shipping of goods

11

Great White Fleet (1907-1909)

US Navy goes on goodwill tour, gets name from ship being white (in peace), shows the world improvements to Navy, tells Japan were in peace but if needed well be back in black (war)

12

League of Nations

Last point to Wilson's 14 points, association of nations to plan for a peace covenant to stop war, it could handle problems that a peace treaty couldn't, ended WWI

13

Automobiles/Radios (Consumer Economy)

Came about in the Roaring Twenties, good for the government because money was circulating without government help

14

The Great Depression

Stock market crash of 1929, didn't become great until 1931, people looking for government help, structural weaknesses caused this

15

Scopes Trial

Scopes vs. Tennessee, substitute teacher accused of violating Tennessee's Butler Act which made it illegal to teach human evolution in state funded schools

16

Harlem Renaussance

Cultural movement that spanned through the 1920s (New Negro Movement)

17

The New Deal

Relief, reform, recovery

18

Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC)

Jobs program, give people income and increase purchase power

20

Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA)

Deal with poverty and give economic development

21

Dollar Diplomacy

Taft, gave loans to developing nations in exchange for greater American influence

22

Moral Diplomacy

Wilson, objected gunboat and dollar diplomacy, set moral example in world affairs

23

Neutrality Proclamation

August 1914, US not taking sides in WWI, trade with Allied and Central Powers

24

Zimmerman Telegram

decoded message from Germany to Mexico wanting to form alliance against the US to win land back, Mexico says no, telegram goes public

25

War Industries Board

makes sure war material was produced in the US, set production cost, allocate raw materials, and pushed for labor unions

26

Committee on Public Information

led by George Creel, didn't tell people what to think, just gave facts, encouraged newspapers to get approval before publishing, sent pro-war speakers to speak

27

Prohibition (Eighteenth Amendment)

government mandated production of alcohol, done locally first and then nation wide with amendment

28

Schenck v. United States (1919)

president of socialist party convicted of selling goods against the draft, uses free speech amendment against court (where free speech vs plausible speech comes in)

29

Eighteenth Amendment

prohibition of alcoholic in the US by declaring the production, transportation, and sale of alcohol illegal

30

Alice Paul (Nineteenth Amendment)

woman who fought for amendment, pass amendment to let women vote, went on hunger strikes, picket strike at white house, "safer democracy" but half the population don't vote