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Flashcards in Quiz 4 Deck (31)
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1

Americanization

The spread of American values by American troops (maybe), wanted immigrants to be like Americans, didn't work

2

Election of 1968

Johnson withdrew to focus on ending the war, Nixon vs. Humphrey vs. 3rd party, Nixon won

3

Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

gave congressional approval and funds for the president (Johnson) to do whatever he thinks he needs to do to stop communism

4

Paris Peace Accords of 1973

January 1973, intended to establish peace in Vietnam and an end to the Vietnam War, ended direct U.S. military involvement, and temporarily stopped the fighting between North and South Vietnam, terminated American operations in Vietnam, Nixon promised to provide reconstruction if they would agree to everything else. Never ratified by the US senate didn't approve it.

5

Tet Offensive

January 31 1968, a series of surprise attacks by North Vietnamese, fail

6

Vietnamization

reduced number of Americans in Vietnam as they ensured that South Vietnamese could fight by themselves (or along with other South Asia countries)

7

American Indian Movement

formed in Minneapolis in 1968, sort of like the black panthers, get government o recognize past treaties

8

Black Power

the SNCC's new ideology of 1966, realize the importance of a black culture inheritance and community not just rights

9

Counterculture/Hippies

searched for "authentic experiences," rejected individualism, competition, and capitalism, embraced sex, drugs, and rock n' roll, very non-political, self-regulated cities, contrasted most of the parents of that generation

10

Détente

Nixon and Kissinger's version of the Containment Policy, "peaceful coexistence," linkage: use developments to get developments; doesn't end the Cold War, (US relaxation of tensions with the Soviets during the 1970s

11

Equal Rights Amendment

banned the denial or abridgment of rights on the basis of gender, NOW was formed to promote it, passed but not ratified, both women and men opposed

12

Family Assistance Plan

proposed by welfare, made sure families got at least $1600 of income per year, uniform standard, gave welfare to families instead of just individuals

13

Free speech movement

California blacks who resist policies that bar them from recruiting for organizations/causes, sympathized with other races. Broke laws

14

National farm workers organization

Latinos who wanted better working conditions for farm workers

15

New economic policy

Part of Nixon's non-Republican solutions, wage an price controls during non-war periods 1971-1974

16

New Federalism

Shifted responsibly to the states and increased funding for social programs

17

SALT I

Made Detente two treaties, took ideology out, agreed to disagree about government, no nuclear war

18

Shanghai Communique

Peaceful coexistence and normalization, July 1971 China and Soviets won't go to war with each other, discuss trade, etc.

19

Watergate

Washington office building where White House operatives committed to a series of illegal surveillance acts against political rivals from '71-'73, resulting in a scandal that forced Nixon to resign in August 1974

20

Camp David Accords

Egypt recognized Israel and Israel gave land back to Egypt, Egypt is first air nation to recognize Israel as a nation

21

Crisis of Confidence

Hostage Crisis made this worse, Carter couldn't fix any problems

22

Election of 1980

Reagan won because people didn't want Carter again

23

Energy Crisis

Moral Equivalent of war

24

Evil Empire

What Reagan called the Soviet Union, Détente is no longer a policy, shows his hate of communism

25

INF Treaty

all medium range missiles are destroyed, arms reduction treaty

26

Iran-Contra Scandal

sold weapons to Iran, terrorists were taking Americans in and wanted weapons for their release, set up stage to take more people to get more weapons

27

Iranian hostage Crisis

November, 53 hostages were in Iranian's hands for 15 months, Iranians broke into somewhere, Americans released after Reagan's ingeneration

28

PATCO Strike

strike of air traffic workers, thought if they quit air traffic would stop and employer (fed. gov) would cave to their wants, Reagan gives them 48 hrs to go back to work or be replaced

29

Strategic Defense Initiative

provided a defense umbrella over the US that used lasers to defer incoming missiles, out spend soviets and they would use all their money trying to stay caught up with the US they wouldn't have enough for missiles

30

Supply-Side Economics

added to the national debt