Quiz 2 Flashcards Preview

Public Health > Quiz 2 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quiz 2 Deck (144)
Loading flashcards...
1

who are susceptible to the unhealthy effects of the ozone, fine particles and other air borne pollutants

children and elderly

2

what type of rain can damage trees, crops wildlife and water

acid rain

3

who passed the clean air act

congress

4

what did congress also establish in unison with the clean air act

environmental protection agency

5

what year was the clean air act passed

1970

6

when was the clean air act revised and expanded

1990

7

what are the criteria pollutants

particulate matter
ground-level ozone
carbon monoxide
sulfur oxides
nitrogen oxides
lead

8

what are the EPA limits based on

human health and environmentally related criteria

9

limits that address ill effects in humans

primary standards

10

limits that are designed to prevent environmental and property damage

secondary standards

11

an area where the air quality is cleaner than the primary standard

attainment area

12

an area which does not meet the primary standards is called what

nonattainment area

13

what is the limits on suspended air particles set at

less than 2.5 microns

14

at what size of particle does it not reach the lungs but irritates eyes, ears and nose

10 microns

15

where is ground level ozone present

in smog

16

how is ozone created

when two types of pollutants react in the presence of sunlight

17

a numerical index used by the government to define air quality at a given location per day

air quality index

18

in the air quality index what does the numbers range from

0 to 500
as the number increases the health hazards increase

19

what act has severe monetary penalties if plants release excess pollutants

clean air act 1990

20

what program pays bonuses to power plants that instill clean coal technology which reduces SO2

EPA's acid rain program

21

how much has harmful air toxins been reduced by from large companies

70%

22

what are some ways to reduce air pollution

-conserve energy, turn off appliances
-recycle paper, plastic, glass, cardboard and aluminum cans
-keep wood stoves and fireplaces well maintained
-buy green electricity
-lower water heater thermostat to 120 F

23

what are ways to buy smart

-choose efficient, low polluting vehicles
-choose reusable products and packaging
-buy rechargeable batteries for frequently used devices

24

what are ways to drive wise

-plan trips, save gasoline and reduce air pollution
-keep tires properly inflated and aligned
-avoid waiting in long drive thrus
-use an energy conserving grade motor oil

25

what is the key component of environmental heatlh

water

26

how much water is easily accessible as ground or surface water

1%

27

water for human consumption is regulated by what

state and federal laws

28

the highest level of contaminant that is allowed in drinking water is known as

MCL- max contaminant level

29

the level of disinfectant added for water treatment that ma not be exceeded at the consumers faucet

MRDL- max residual disinfectant level

30

set to protect the odor, taste and appearance of drinking water

secondary MCL