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Flashcards in Quiz 3 Deck (92):
1

Cardiac Hypertrophy detected or not detected?

Detected

2

Pericardial fat detected or not detected?

Detected

3

True/False: Conspicuity of the cranial lobe vessels is better in this Right Lateral View.

False

 

**Left lateral view

4

Label numbers 1-4

1. Left pulmonary artery

2. Left pulmonary vein

3. Right pulmonary artery

4. Right pulmonary vein

5

What are the arrows pointing to in this picture and which cardiac disease is this commonly associated with?

Elevation of apex from sternum commonly seen with Cardiac Hypertrophy

6

What diagnostic exam can we do to determine if there is ventricular dilation in this x-ray image?

Ultrasound

7

Left atrial dilation detected or not?

Detected

8

What is this incidental finding that we are seeing in this x-ray?

Tortuous Aorta

9

Disease or no disease

Aortic Bulb Mineralization, Incidental finding 

10

What is the arrow pointing at?

Main Pulmonary Artery

11

Arterial enlargement detected or not detected?

Detected

12

Venous enlargement detected or not detected?

Detected

13

Pulmonary Edema detected or not?

Detected

14

Dilated Cardiomyopathy Detected or not

Detected

15

What is seen in this radiograph?

Cardiogenic edema

16

True/False. This is commonly seen in dogs

False

 

***Pleural effusion which is commonly seen in cats

17

This valentine's day heart is a characteristic of which heart disease?

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy 

18

Cardiogenic pulmonary edema detected or not detected?

Detected

19

Which valve is enlarged in this image?

Left atria

20

Dilated cardiomyopathy detected or not?

Not Detected

 

**pericardial effusion 

21

What cardiac disease is seen in this radiograph?

PPDH

22

Normal or abnormal?

Abnormal

 

**could be DCM or pericardial effusion --> we need lateral view to determine

23

What is detected in this radiographic image?

PPDH

24

Fracture detected or not detected?

Not detected

 

*** its the nutrient foramen 

25

What is the name of the theory that refers to a bone response to stresses or strains placed or not placed on it?

Wolff's Law

26

Joint fragment's present or not?

Not present 

 

**joint pitfall

27

Osteochondrosis detected or not detected?

Detected

28

ID what's circled

Joint mice

29

A 3 month old Rottie puppy comes in and the owner noted that the puppy had grown rapidly over the past two weeks. On radiographs you note this change on both sides. What is your diagnosis?

Osteochondrosis 

30

Lesion detected or not?

Not

 

**normal radiograph

31

Fragment detected or not detected?

Small fragment detected

32

Lesion or no lesion?

No lesion --> normal oblique view

33

Normal or abnormal?

Normal

34

DJD detected or not?

Detected

35

True/False: The kissing lesion seen in this radiograph is secondary to DJD and found on the lateral humeral condyle

False!

 

**secondary to FCP and its on the medial humeral condyle

36

A client brings her 6 month old German Shepard dog in because she noted that he was limping on his left leg yesterday but now you note that he is limping on his right leg. When you take radiographs you note this. What is at the top of your differentials?

Panosteitis 

37

Left Aseptic necrosis of the femoral head detected or not detected?

Not detected

 

** its on the right side

38

What is at the top of your differentials if you see this radiograph in a dog?

Hypertrophic osteodystrophy 

39

Panosteitis detected or not detected?

Detected

40

Cat fracture detected or not detected

Detected

41

Normal or abnormal

Normal tibial crest

42

Normal or abnormal

Abnormal - tibial crest avulsion

43

Agressive or non- agressive?

Agressive bc we can see the cortex has been lost

44

Active or inactive periosteal reaction?

Active

45

Agressive or non agressive?

Non- agressive

46

Distinct or indistinct transition zone?

Indistinct 

47

Which of the following is paired correctly based on this radiographic image?

 

a. Irregular, active, aggressive

b. Irregular, inactive, non-agressive

c. Smooth, inactive, non-agressive

d. Smooth, active, agressive

c. Smooth, inactive, non-agressive

48

Which of the following is a non- agressive lesion?

D

49

What is the arrow pointing to in this radiographic image?

Periosteal reaction

50

Lytic lesion detected or not detected

Not detected

 

**Blastic lesion

51

Mixed bone tumor detected or not detected?

Not detected

 

**mainly lytic

52

Identify the type or primary tumor in this radiograph

Mixed

53

Osteosarcoma detected or not detected

Not detected

 

**Fungal osteomyelitis - we know its not OSA b/c OSA is normally found away from the elbow 

54

Pododermatitis or Tumor?

Can't distinguish until we get a biopsy, however this one was a tumor

55

7 year old Boxer. What is the least likely diagnosis?

 

a. Metastatic cancer

b. Mycotic bone infection

c. Osteosarcoma

Osteosarcoma because of the fact that there are two lesions

56

What are the arrows pointing to in this radiographic image?

Sesamoid bones

57

Normal or abnormal?

Normal physes

58

What is the yellow arrow pointing to?

Nutrient foramen 

59

What is the probability of this fracture leading to a growth deformity of the femur?

Low

 

**Salter Harris type I

60

Which number has the highest probability of the fracture resulting in a growth deformity of the femur?

none of them its type V

61

Fracture detected or not detected?

Detected

62

Which of the following shows a fracture in the growth plate and the epiphysis?

III

63

Luxation or subluxation?

Luxation

64

Which of the following is correctly matched?

a. I: metaphysis

b. II: growth plate and epiphysis

c. III: growth plate and metaphysis

d. IV: metaphysis and epiphysis

d. IV: metaphysis and epiphysis

65

True/False: Based on these images the healing process is getting worse.

 

False

 

** its doing just fine

66

True/False: This animal is at risk of developing DJD

True!

 

**Malunion predisposes animals to DJD

67

Which kind of fracture complication is viewed in this radiograph:

a. Malunion

b. Delayed union

c. Nonunion

d. None of the above

c. Nonunion

68

Valgus detected or not detected

Not detected

 

**VARGUS detected 

69

What fracture complication is depicted in this radiographic image?

Insufficient ulnar growth 

70

Joint effusion detected or not detected

Not detected

 

***Normal

71

Tumor detected or not detected

Not detected 

 

***advanced stages of DJD

72

What are the red arrows pointing at?

Morgan lines

73

Radiographic drawer sign detected or not detected?

Detected

74

Osteophytes detected or not detected

Detected

75

What is detected in this radiographic image of a cat stifle joint?

Meniscal ossicles

76

What joint disease would a very lax joint like the one seen in this radiograph lead to?

Osteoarthritis 

77

Hip Dysplasia detected or not detected

Detected

78

Hip dysplasia detected or not detected?

Detected

79

Osteoarthritis detected or not detected?

Detected

80

Degenerative discs detected or not

Detected

81

Which of the following is false regarding Type I disc disease?

a. Seen commonly in chondrodystrophic dogs

b. Its commonly seen between T2-T9 

c. German Shephards are predisposed to T2-T5 Disc herniation

d. All the above are true

b. Its commonly seen between T2-T9 

 

***rare at T2-T9 because of the intercapital ligament 

82

Transitional T13 detected or not detected?

Detected

 

***arrow shows the lumbar part of it

83

Match the following letters with:

Myelogram

STIR MRI

T2 MRI

A: Myelogram

B. T2 MRI

C. STIR MRI

84

Where is the lesion located in this image? Extradural, Intramedullary or intradural - extramedullary

intradural - extramedullary

85

Extradural lesion detected or not detected?

Detected

86

Is this a T2 or a STIR MRI?

T2 MRI

87

Type II Disc Herniation detected or not detected

Not detected

 

**This is type I Disc Herniation 

88

ID the Disc disease seen in this MRI

Type II Disc Herniation 

89

Which of the following is false based on this MRI image?

a. This accompanies Type I herniation and ANNPE

b. This is an extradural lesion of T2

c. This can be due to necrosis, inflammation, hemorrhage, and edema

d. This is commonly seen in chondrodystrophic breeds

b. This is an extradural lesion of T2

 

**intramedullary T2 hyperintensity 

90

True/False: This is a STIR MRI.

True

91

Which disc disease is this MRI image associated with?

ANNPE (missle disc)

92

Where will you see root signatures with this disc disease? 

L7-S1

 

**this is lateral spondylosis