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Flashcards in Quiz 4 Deck (101):
1

Urinary bladder urolith detected or not detected?

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Detected

2

Which two calculus compositions are not seen on ultrasound due to the fact that they're non-radiopaque?

Cystine 

Urate

3

What can we do to help us visualize the urinary baldder better and make sure there are no issues?

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Inject contrast medium to make sure there is no leak

4

Male urethra urolith detected or not detected?

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Detected

5

What is the reason why the gas is located in the wall of this urinary bladder?

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Usually due to glucose fermentation (diabetic) and occurs in the absence of glucosurea 

6

What is the most common cause for gas to be located in the center of the bladder like seen in this radiograph?

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Iatrogenic

7

Which method is good for detecting bladder rupture and confirming the location of the urinary bladder?

Positive contrast Cystography

8

Gas detected or not detected?

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Detected

9

What is the arrow pointing at? What is circled?

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Circled: urolith

Arrow: Abnormal bladder wall 

10

Contrast medium was injected into this bladder. Bladder rupture detected or not detected?

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Detected

 

**The bladder is very small for injection of conrtast and we can see the contrast on the outside of the bladder

11

What's wrong with the kidney?

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Neoplasia

12

Polycystic kidney disease detected or not detected?

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Detected

13

Bladder rupture detected or not detected?

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Not detected

 

**most likely urethral rupture

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14

What is indicated in this ultrasound image of the kidenys?

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Polycystic Kidney Disease

15

On this DLPMO view, the arrows indicate which side?

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dorsomedial 

16

Is the "X" identifying the medial or lateral aspect?

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Lateral aspect

17

What is the arrow pointing at in this DLPMO view?

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MT4

18

What is outlined in green in thsi DMPLO view?

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Lateral trochlear ridge

19

What is the arrow pointing at?

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Medial malleolus

20

What is the most common disease in horses associated with number 4 in this radiograph?

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Osteochondrosis is associated with 4. Tarsocrural joint

21

Which disease is commonly associated with 6 and 7 in this radiographic image?

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Degenerative joint disease

 

6. Distal intertarsal joint, 7. Tarsometatarsal joint

22

Bone spavin detected or not detected

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Detected

23

True/False: New bone is seen on the dorsolateral surfaces of both proximal and distal carpal rows like this radiographic image.

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True

24

Normal or abnormal

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Normal

25

What is the view of this oblique radiographic image?

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DLPMO

 

**remember the step formation is only seen with this view

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26

What is detected in this image?

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Osteoarthrosis 

27

Is splints detected or not detected

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Detected

28

What is this radiographic image of the equine leg showing us?

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Sequestrum

29

Laminitis detected or not detected?

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Detected

30

What are the multiple structures that are being pointed out in this radiographic image?

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Synovial invaginations

31

Label 1 and 2

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1. Urinary bladder

2. Prostate gland

32

Caliculi detected or not detected

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Detected

33

Benign prostatic hypertrophy detected or not detected

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Detected

34

Discospondylitis detected or not detected

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Detected

35

What is detected in this radiograph?

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Prostatic abscess 

36

Label numbers 1-3

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1. Prostatic cyst

2. Urinary baldder

3. Prostate gland

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37

Gas bubble in the urinary bladder detected or not detected?

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Not detected

38

Calculi detected or not detected?

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Detected

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39

Urethral rupture detected or not detected?

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Not detected

40

Cranioventral wall thickness of the urinary bladder is most commonly seen with which abnormality?

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Cystitis 

41

urinary bladder urolith detected or not detected?

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Detected

42

Which is the most common urinary bladder tumor in a bitch or male cat that is seen in this ultrasound image?

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Transitional cell carcinoma

 

**we have wall thickening in the trigone area

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43

Urinary bladder urolith detected or not detected?

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Not detected

 

**this is the colon

44

What do we see in section A?

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Narrowed urethra

45

What is seen in this image?

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urethral rupture

46

Hepatomegaly detected or not detected

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Detected

47

Hepatomegaly detected or not detected

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Not detected

 

**Microhepatica detected

48

What is seen in this image?

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Extra hepatic portocaval shunt

49

Cholelith detected or not detected

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Detected

50

Cholecystitis detected or not detected?

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Detected

51

Mid ventral abdominal mass detected or not detected?

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Detected

52

What would be at the top of the differential list with an ultrasound like this?

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Splenic torsion

53

All of the following are not visible on radiographs except:

a. Ovary

b. Mesenteric lymph nodes

c. Adrenal glands

d. Fat in the peritoneal cavity

d. Fat in the peritoneal cavity

54

Cranially displaced gastric axis detected or not detected

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Detected

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55

Prostatic tumor detected or not detected

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Detected

56

Ultrasound image of the ovaries. Lesion or no lesion?

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No lesion

 

**Normal ovary ultrasound in Estrus 

57

Would you consider this radiographic image mild, moderate or extreme loss of serosal detail?

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Mild 

58

Is this a dog or a cat radiograph?

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Cat

59

Peritoneal effusion detected or not detected

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Detected

 

**there is a severe loss of the serosa so we know there is fluid and we don't need an US to confirm 

60

Peritoneal effusion detected or not detected in this 2 month old dachshund?

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Not detected

 

**we can't determine this without a US, it could be completely normal in a puppy

61

Free gas detected or not detected?

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Detected

62

What is most likely the primary differential for a midventral abdominal mass?

a. ovarian carcinoma

b. prostatic adenocarcinoma

c. splenic hemangiosarcoma

d. hepatic metastasis

e. transitional cell carcinoma

c. splenic hemangiosarcoma

63

SQ emphysema detected or not detected

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Detected

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64

Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage detected or not detected

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Detected

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65

What is detected in this radiograph?

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Medial Iliac lymphadenopathy

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66

Anal sac tumor detected or not detected?

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Detected

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67

What is detected in this radiographic image?

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Pneumomediastinum

 

**Usually we won't be able to see the vessels but because there is gas we can now visualize them better

68

Anal sac tumor detected or not detected?

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Not detected

 

**Medial iliac lymphadenopathy

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69

What is circled in this image?

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Kidney

70

Renal/Urethal caliculi detected or not detected

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Detected

71

Ectopic ureters detected or not detected

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Not detected

72

What disease can we diagnose based on this radiographic image of the kidenys?

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Pyelonephritis 

73

What can we conclude about the kidneys based on this radiographic image?

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Hydronephrosis 

74

What is detected in this ultrasound image?

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Hydronephrosis

75

Label the layers in this image of the stomach

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1. Mucosa

2. Submucosa

3. Muscularis

4. Serosa

76

Foreign body detected or not detected

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Detected

77

What can we see in this raiographic image?

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Gastric volvulus 

78

What clinical finiding is seen in this radiographic image of a dog?

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Gastric dilation 

79

Which is the dog and which is the cat?

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Left = dog, Right = cat

80

Gastric displacement detected or not detected?

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Detected

81

ID the fundus and the pylorus

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82

Thickened walls detected or not detected

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Not detected

83

Gastric Neoplasia detected or not detected

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Detected

 

***wall thickness tells us yes

84

ID the large and small intestine in this radiographic image of a cat.

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85

Lesion or no lesion 

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No lesion --> this is a pseudoulcer which is normal in young animals 

86

Peritonitis detected or not detected?

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Detected

87

What is the underlying cause of this functional ileus?

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GDV

88

Does this radiograph indicate functional ileus?

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NO

 

**stacking indicates always mechanical ileus

89

Gravel sign detected or not detected?

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Detected

90

What does this radiograph indicate?

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That there is a foreign body and we need to go in and do surgery 

91

What are the differentials for a radiograph image like this?

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Lymphocytic-plasmacytic enteritis

Parvovirus

Lymphoma 

Eosinophilic infiltration 

92

What will be at the top of the differential list for this ultrasound image of the intestines?

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Neoplasia

 

**There is a thick wall and we have no layering that we can see 

93

Intussusception detected or not detected?

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Detected

94

What is seen in this radiographic image that indicates a circumferential mural lesion?

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Apple core sign

95

What is detected in this radiographic image of a newborn animal?

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Atresia ani

96

What is at the top of your differentials with a radiograph image like this?

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Chronic Impaction

97

Perineal hernia detected or not detected?

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Detected

98

Label each of the layers in this ultrasound image of the small intestine.

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1. Mucosa lumen interface

2. Mucosa

3. Submucosa

4. Muscularis

5. Serosa

99

This ultrasound image of the ileum is characteristic for which species?

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Feline

100

What pattern is shown in this ultrasound image of the small intestine?

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Mucous pattern

101

What is at the top of your differential list if you saw an ultrasound image of the small intestine that looked like this?

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Pancreatitis, Peritonitis