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Flashcards in Quiz 4 Deck (101):
1

Urinary bladder urolith detected or not detected?

Detected

2

Which two calculus compositions are not seen on ultrasound due to the fact that they're non-radiopaque?

Cystine 

Urate

3

What can we do to help us visualize the urinary baldder better and make sure there are no issues?

Inject contrast medium to make sure there is no leak

4

Male urethra urolith detected or not detected?

Detected

5

What is the reason why the gas is located in the wall of this urinary bladder?

Usually due to glucose fermentation (diabetic) and occurs in the absence of glucosurea 

6

What is the most common cause for gas to be located in the center of the bladder like seen in this radiograph?

Iatrogenic

7

Which method is good for detecting bladder rupture and confirming the location of the urinary bladder?

Positive contrast Cystography

8

Gas detected or not detected?

Detected

9

What is the arrow pointing at? What is circled?

Circled: urolith

Arrow: Abnormal bladder wall 

10

Contrast medium was injected into this bladder. Bladder rupture detected or not detected?

Detected

 

**The bladder is very small for injection of conrtast and we can see the contrast on the outside of the bladder

11

What's wrong with the kidney?

Neoplasia

12

Polycystic kidney disease detected or not detected?

Detected

13

Bladder rupture detected or not detected?

Not detected

 

**most likely urethral rupture

14

What is indicated in this ultrasound image of the kidenys?

Polycystic Kidney Disease

15

On this DLPMO view, the arrows indicate which side?

dorsomedial 

16

Is the "X" identifying the medial or lateral aspect?

Lateral aspect

17

What is the arrow pointing at in this DLPMO view?

MT4

18

What is outlined in green in thsi DMPLO view?

Lateral trochlear ridge

19

What is the arrow pointing at?

Medial malleolus

20

What is the most common disease in horses associated with number 4 in this radiograph?

Osteochondrosis is associated with 4. Tarsocrural joint

21

Which disease is commonly associated with 6 and 7 in this radiographic image?

Degenerative joint disease

 

6. Distal intertarsal joint, 7. Tarsometatarsal joint

22

Bone spavin detected or not detected

Detected

23

True/False: New bone is seen on the dorsolateral surfaces of both proximal and distal carpal rows like this radiographic image.

True

24

Normal or abnormal

Normal

25

What is the view of this oblique radiographic image?

DLPMO

 

**remember the step formation is only seen with this view

26

What is detected in this image?

Osteoarthrosis 

27

Is splints detected or not detected

Detected

28

What is this radiographic image of the equine leg showing us?

Sequestrum

29

Laminitis detected or not detected?

Detected

30

What are the multiple structures that are being pointed out in this radiographic image?

Synovial invaginations

31

Label 1 and 2

1. Urinary bladder

2. Prostate gland

32

Caliculi detected or not detected

Detected

33

Benign prostatic hypertrophy detected or not detected

Detected

34

Discospondylitis detected or not detected

Detected

35

What is detected in this radiograph?

Prostatic abscess 

36

Label numbers 1-3

1. Prostatic cyst

2. Urinary baldder

3. Prostate gland

37

Gas bubble in the urinary bladder detected or not detected?

Not detected

38

Calculi detected or not detected?

Detected

39

Urethral rupture detected or not detected?

Not detected

40

Cranioventral wall thickness of the urinary bladder is most commonly seen with which abnormality?

Cystitis 

41

urinary bladder urolith detected or not detected?

Detected

42

Which is the most common urinary bladder tumor in a bitch or male cat that is seen in this ultrasound image?

Transitional cell carcinoma

 

**we have wall thickening in the trigone area

43

Urinary bladder urolith detected or not detected?

Not detected

 

**this is the colon

44

What do we see in section A?

Narrowed urethra

45

What is seen in this image?

urethral rupture

46

Hepatomegaly detected or not detected

Detected

47

Hepatomegaly detected or not detected

Not detected

 

**Microhepatica detected

48

What is seen in this image?

Extra hepatic portocaval shunt

49

Cholelith detected or not detected

Detected

50

Cholecystitis detected or not detected?

Detected

51

Mid ventral abdominal mass detected or not detected?

Detected

52

What would be at the top of the differential list with an ultrasound like this?

Splenic torsion

53

All of the following are not visible on radiographs except:

a. Ovary

b. Mesenteric lymph nodes

c. Adrenal glands

d. Fat in the peritoneal cavity

d. Fat in the peritoneal cavity

54

Cranially displaced gastric axis detected or not detected

Detected

55

Prostatic tumor detected or not detected

Detected

56

Ultrasound image of the ovaries. Lesion or no lesion?

No lesion

 

**Normal ovary ultrasound in Estrus 

57

Would you consider this radiographic image mild, moderate or extreme loss of serosal detail?

Mild 

58

Is this a dog or a cat radiograph?

Cat

59

Peritoneal effusion detected or not detected

Detected

 

**there is a severe loss of the serosa so we know there is fluid and we don't need an US to confirm 

60

Peritoneal effusion detected or not detected in this 2 month old dachshund?

Not detected

 

**we can't determine this without a US, it could be completely normal in a puppy

61

Free gas detected or not detected?

Detected

62

What is most likely the primary differential for a midventral abdominal mass?

a. ovarian carcinoma

b. prostatic adenocarcinoma

c. splenic hemangiosarcoma

d. hepatic metastasis

e. transitional cell carcinoma

c. splenic hemangiosarcoma

63

SQ emphysema detected or not detected

Detected

64

Retroperitoneal Hemorrhage detected or not detected

Detected

65

What is detected in this radiograph?

Medial Iliac lymphadenopathy

66

Anal sac tumor detected or not detected?

Detected

67

What is detected in this radiographic image?

Pneumomediastinum

 

**Usually we won't be able to see the vessels but because there is gas we can now visualize them better

68

Anal sac tumor detected or not detected?

Not detected

 

**Medial iliac lymphadenopathy

69

What is circled in this image?

Kidney

70

Renal/Urethal caliculi detected or not detected

Detected

71

Ectopic ureters detected or not detected

Not detected

72

What disease can we diagnose based on this radiographic image of the kidenys?

Pyelonephritis 

73

What can we conclude about the kidneys based on this radiographic image?

Hydronephrosis 

74

What is detected in this ultrasound image?

Hydronephrosis

75

Label the layers in this image of the stomach

1. Mucosa

2. Submucosa

3. Muscularis

4. Serosa

76

Foreign body detected or not detected

Detected

77

What can we see in this raiographic image?

Gastric volvulus 

78

What clinical finiding is seen in this radiographic image of a dog?

Gastric dilation 

79

Which is the dog and which is the cat?

Left = dog, Right = cat

80

Gastric displacement detected or not detected?

Detected

81

ID the fundus and the pylorus

82

Thickened walls detected or not detected

Not detected

83

Gastric Neoplasia detected or not detected

Detected

 

***wall thickness tells us yes

84

ID the large and small intestine in this radiographic image of a cat.

85

Lesion or no lesion 

No lesion --> this is a pseudoulcer which is normal in young animals 

86

Peritonitis detected or not detected?

Detected

87

What is the underlying cause of this functional ileus?

GDV

88

Does this radiograph indicate functional ileus?

NO

 

**stacking indicates always mechanical ileus

89

Gravel sign detected or not detected?

Detected

90

What does this radiograph indicate?

That there is a foreign body and we need to go in and do surgery 

91

What are the differentials for a radiograph image like this?

Lymphocytic-plasmacytic enteritis

Parvovirus

Lymphoma 

Eosinophilic infiltration 

92

What will be at the top of the differential list for this ultrasound image of the intestines?

Neoplasia

 

**There is a thick wall and we have no layering that we can see 

93

Intussusception detected or not detected?

Detected

94

What is seen in this radiographic image that indicates a circumferential mural lesion?

Apple core sign

95

What is detected in this radiographic image of a newborn animal?

Atresia ani

96

What is at the top of your differentials with a radiograph image like this?

Chronic Impaction

97

Perineal hernia detected or not detected?

Detected

98

Label each of the layers in this ultrasound image of the small intestine.

1. Mucosa lumen interface

2. Mucosa

3. Submucosa

4. Muscularis

5. Serosa

99

This ultrasound image of the ileum is characteristic for which species?

Feline

100

What pattern is shown in this ultrasound image of the small intestine?

Mucous pattern

101

What is at the top of your differential list if you saw an ultrasound image of the small intestine that looked like this?

Pancreatitis, Peritonitis