Gram negative rod, Ferment glucose, Oxidase negative, Reduce nitrates to nitrites
Definition of Enterics:
Gram negative coccobacillus, aerobic, causes whooping cough, but can also cause bronchitis. Upper and lower tract.
Gram negative. Involved with CAP, lower tract, atypical, common in younger people.
Gram negative. Lower tract- “atypical”- associated with birds, parakeets.
Gram positive, pleomorphic. Can cause strep throat, and obviously diptheria. Causes grey necrotic area on tonsils. Myocarditis from Toxin.
Gram negative anaerobe. Pharyngeal abscesses.
Gram negative coccobacillus, involved with epiglottitis, otitis media. Involved with CAP. Only grows on chocolate agar. Requires both X&V factor.
Gram negative rod. Involved with CAP. Use urine antigen detection. Lower tract, atypical, contaminated water, cruise ships, hotels.
Gram negative cocci (one of the very few). Involved with Otitis Media, one of the three, also with CAP.
Gram Positive. TB and chronic pneumonia.
Bacteria without cell wall, and therefore resistant to many antibiotics. Involved with CAP. Lower tract, atypical, often in younger people.
Gram negative rod, non-lactose fermenting, pyocyanin test is blue. Rare except for patients on ventilator.
Gram positive cocci. HCAP, abscesses around lung or tonsils, along with anaerobes. Rare except for hospital or ventilator.
Gram positive diplococci. Most common pathogen for otitis, sinusitis, and CAP. Sits in nasopharynx. Has vaccination. Acute pneumonia. Consolidation, air space CXR.
Gram positive cocci in twisted chains. Main cause of strep throat. Upper and Lower tract.
Gram negative rod, lactose fermenting, aerobic, usually HCAP, lung abscesses, bloody sputum, involved in secondary infections after viruses, alcholism. Red current jelly sputum.
-Viral pharyngitis, only DNA virus on list.
SARS. Asians drink Coronas.
Second most common cause of lower respiratory tract infections next to RSV in kids.
Inflammation of parotid gland, testicles, encephalitis, direct contact most common. Paramyxoviridae.
Viral pharyngitis, and most importantly, croup (laryngotracheitis. Paramyxoviridae.
-Upper and Lower tract, can go down and cause bronchitis. Paramyxoviridae.
-Upper Respiratory Tract infection, common cold.
Epstein Barr Virus - Infectious Mononucleosis, similar symptoms to Strep but with fatigue, also big with pharyngitis.
Epstein Barr Virus
-For this, think patient with leukemia, immunocompromised. Chronic pneumonia
-Southern Utah infection, granulomatous lung infection.
-Mississippi valley granulomatous fungal infection.
Sinus more than lungs.
-Most common anaerobes -
Gram Negative -Bacteroides (most common): Intra-abdominal infections -Fusobacterium: Abscesses, wound infections, and pulmonary and intracranial infections -Porphyromonas: Aspiration pneumonia and periodontitis -Prevotella: Intra-abdominal and soft-tissue infections
-Gram Positive -Actinomyces: Head, neck, abdominal, and pelvic infections and aspiration pneumonia -Clostridium: Gas gangrene due to C. perfringens, food poisoning due to C. perfringens type A, botulism due to C. botulinum, tetanus due to C. tetani, and C. difficile–induced diarrhea (pseudomembranous colitis) -Peptostreptococcus: Oral, respiratory, and intra-abdominal infections -Propionibacterium: Foreign body infections (eg, in a cerebrospinal fluid shunt, prosthetic joint, or cardiac device)
Most common anaerobes: