Quiz #7 Flashcards Preview

Intro to Philosophy > Quiz #7 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Quiz #7 Deck (10)
Loading flashcards...

This argument uses force, the threat of force, or some other unpleasant backlash to make the audience accept a conclusion

.Appeal to Force


Attacking or praising the people who make an argument rather than discussing the argument itself.

.Argumentum Ad Hominem


This line of thought asserts that a premise must be true because people have always believed it or done it.

.Appeal to Tradition


Mistaken use of inductive reasoning when there are too few sample to prove a point.

.Hasty Generalization


Relying only on comparisons to prove a point rather than arguing deductively and inductively.

.Faulty analogy


Using a word in a different way than the author used it in the original premise, or changing definitions halfway through a discussion.



This fallacy is a result of reasoning from the properties of the parts of the whole to the properties of the whole itself -- it is an inductive error.



Phrasing a question or statement in such a way as to imply another unproven statement is true without evidence or discussion.

.Complex Question


A non sequitur in which the speaker argues that, once the first step is undertaken, a second or third step will inevitably follow, much like the way one step on a slipper incline will cause a person to fail and slide all the way to the bottom.

.Slippery Slope


This fallacy occurs when a writer builds an argument upon the assumption that there are only two choices or possible outcomes when actually there are several.

.Either/ or fallacy