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Flashcards in Random review questions Deck (64)
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1

What part of the vertebrae is most likely fractured in severe osteoporosis?

Vertebral bodies

2

Spinal stenosis is likely due to proliferation of which ligament?

Ligamentum flavum

3

Herpes Zoster is likely to proliferate in which structure?

Dorsal Root Ganglion

4

Which landmark is used for lumbar puncture?

Iliac crest

5

Weakness in medial rotation and adduction of the humerus is due to?

Lesion to thoracodorsal n affecting Latissimus dorsi m.

6

Spinal cord in adults ends at which level?

L1/L2

7

Which ligament is removed in lamenectomy?

Ligamenum flavum

8

Fracture of transverse processes of cervical vertebra is likely to injure which artery?

Vertebral a.

9

Difficulty elevating shoulder is due to injury of which nerve?

- Dorsal Scapular n. (rhomboids and levator scapulae)

10

Fracture of the pedicles at C2 is likely to injure which ligament?

- Cruciform ligament

11

Bleeding from vertebral venous plexus of Batson is likely to result in hematoma of which space?

- Epidural space

12

Dislocation of the atlantoaxial joint results in deficit of which movement?

- Rotation of the head

13

Shattering of lateral border of scapula and difficulty in laterally rotating arm likely indicates injury to which muscle?

- Infraspinatus

14

At which level is the conus medullaris located?

L1-L2

15

Unique feature of the vertebral venous plexus of Batson that allows to spread tumor to the brain from the abdomen?

Is valveless

16

Lateral shift of the spinal cord is likely due to a tear in which structure?

Dentriculate L.

17

Bull rider's thumb

Sprain of the radial collateral ligament + avulsion fx. of lateral part of proximal phalanx

18

Skiier's thumb

- Rupture/laxity of collateral ligament of 1st MP joint

- Hyperabduction of MP joint

19

Dupuytren Contracture

- Progressive shortening, thickening, and fibrosis of palmar fascia and aponeurosis

- 4th and 5th digits pulled into partial flexion at MCP and PIP

- Raised ridges in palmar ski.

20

Tendons of which digits have separate synovial sheaths?

2nd, 3rd, and 4th.

21

Tenosynovitis is likely to spread where?

- Synovial sheath of 5th digit is continuous with common flexor sheath.

- Involves tendon of flexor pollicis longus m.

22

Tx for Raynaud's syndrome

- Cervico-dorsal presynaptic sympathectomy

- Postsynaptic fibers of sympathetic ganglia join nerves of brachial plexus --> distributed to digital arteries

23

The pisohamate ligament forms? Relevant why?

- Ligament between pisifrom and hook of hamate forms te Guyon canal

- Ulnar canal syndrome with compression of ulnar n.

24

On palmar side what two structures are at the same level?

Superficial palmar arch and distal end of common flexor sheath.

25

Border of triangluar space for lung sounds?

Latissimus dorsi, trapezius , medial border of scapula

26

Surgery on lower back injured structure that resulted in widespread paralysis of lower limbs.

Great radicular artery

27

Stretching of which structure results in sagging breasts?

Suspensory (Cooper's) ligament

28

Which nerve injured with weakened medial rotation and adduction of humerus?

Inferior subscapular n. (subscapularis m. and teres major)

29

Fracture of medial epicondyle is likely to result in complete paralysis of which muscle?

Flexor carpi ulnaris

30

Supracondylar fracture of the humerus is likely to injure which nerve?

Median N.