Real Estate Course Chapter 20 Flashcards Preview

Real Estate Course Chapter 1 > Real Estate Course Chapter 20 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Real Estate Course Chapter 20 Deck (49):
1

Zoning ordinances protect the public health and safety from inferior construction practices.

FALSE. Building codes protect the public health and safety from inferior construction practices. Zoning ordinances authorize segmentation (dividing) of a community into districts or zones in keeping with the character of the land and structures and with their suitability for particular uses and uniformity of use within each zone.

2

The purpose of commercial zoning is to regulate

Intensity

3

What is intensity?

Intensity is determined by the type and amount of pedestrian and vehicular traffic generated by a commercial enterprise.

4

The purpose of residential zoning is to regulate

Density .

5

Density is

the number of buildings per acre.

6

What is a buffer zone?

A buffer zone is a strip of land separating a higher density land use from a lower density use.

7

Most dwelling units in planned unit developments are clustered, with planned green spaces between clusters.

True

8

A nonconforming use is the permission to build or use in apparent conflict with existing zoning ordinance.

FALSE. A special exception is the permission to build or use in apparent conflict with existing zoning ordinance. A nonconforming use is the permission to continue to use in spite of an enacted zoning ordinance.

9

A final certificate of occupancy is issued only after all of the building inspectors agree that the structure conforms to code and all associated fees have been paid.

True

10

There are three areas of responsibility for which city planning commissions are commonly delegated final authority: They are:

(1) subdivision plat approval, (2) site plan approval, and (3) sign control.

11

A variance allows a property owner to vary from strict compliance with all or part of a zoning code

True

12

Florida's Growth Management Act requires that the infrastructure be in place before new development is allowed.

TRUE. The concurrency provision in Florida's Growth Management Act of 1985 mandates that the infrastructure, such as roads and water and waste treatment facilities needed to support additional population, be in place before new development is allowed.

13

Developers of large new building projects that affect more than one county must prepare an environmental impact statement.

TRUE. An environmental impact statement (EIS) is a description of the probable cost-benefit impact that a proposed large development project will have on the environment. Large projects are required to submit an EIS, usually to a regional planning agency.

14

Zoning ordinances control

Utilization

15

Permission to build or use to relieve a hardship not caused by owner is called a

Variance.

16

Building codes control

construction and materials

17

Health ordinances control

maintenance and sanitation.

18

Permission to build or use in apparent conflict with existing zoning ordinance is called

Special exception

19

Permission to continue to use in spite of enacted zoning ordinance is called

Nonconforming use

20

The subsection in Florida's Growth Management Act that requires that parks, roads, sewers, and drinking water be available before new development is allowed is referred to as the

concurrency provision

21

A parcel of land contains 93.5 acres. A developer has reserved 25 percent of the land for streets and green space. Applicable zoning regulations require a minimum of 9,750 square feet per residential lot. The number of permissible lots is

313. The solution is:
93.5 acres × .25 rate = 23.375 acres for streets and green space; 93.5 – 23.375 = 70.125 acres for lots;
70.125 × 43,560 square feet per acre = 3,054,645 square feet for development; 3,054,645 ÷ 9,750 = 313.29 or 313 buildable lots.

22

Thoroughfare studies are normally a
A) cooperative project.
B) state project.
C) city project.
D) county project.

A) COOPERATIVE PROJECT

23

o be granted a variance, a property owner must provide evidence that

A HARDSHIP RELATED TO LAND USE EXISTS

24

Which term refers to the belief that the government should NOT interfere in private business affairs?

LAISSEZ-FAIRE

25

The primary function of a planning commission is to

MAKE POLICY RECOMMENDATIONS TO THE ELECTED GOVERNMENT BODY

26

Which business opportunity is an example of a service industry?
A) Reading and sunglasses retailer
B) Yacht manufacturer
C) Peach orchard business
D) Pharmaceutical company

A) Reading and sunglasses retailer

27

The MOST basic of all the background planning studies is the

POPULATION STUDY

28

Which statement BEST describes a local planning commission?
A) Commission members are representative of the community’s residents.
B) Commission members are elected officials.
C) The commission members have a planning and land use background.
D) The commission is the final authority in matters relating to planning.

A)

Commission members are representative of the community’s residents

29

A small general store that existed before a change to residential zoning would be an example of a

NONCONFORMING USE

30

City planning commissions typically do NOT have final authority for
A) subdivision plat approval.
B) site plan approval.
C) commercial sign control.
D) zoning revisions.

D) ZONING REVISIONS

31

Three areas of responsibility for which city planning commissions are commonly delegated final authority are:

(1) subdivision plat approval, (2) site plan approval, and (3) sign control.

32

Residential zoning is designed to regulate

DENSITY. Residential zoning regulates density (number of homes per acre).

33

Commercial zoning is designed to regulate

INTENSITY. Commercial zoning regulates intensity of use.

34

Physiographic studies reveal the

SURFACE AND SUBSURFACE STRUCTURE OF LAND

35

A land-use study
A) shows where future land uses should be.
B) involves plotting each parcel on a land-use map.
C) involves all of these.
D) requires an inventory of public and private land uses.

C) involves all of these.

36

A strip of land that separates one land use from another is referred to as a

Buffer zone

37

The legal right to enact zoning laws is derived from

police powers

38

Zoning ordinances regulate
A) the setback requirements of a building from the property lines.
B) the firewall rating of a wall located between the kitchen and dining areas of a restaurant.
C) all of these.
D) the electrical rating of the wiring in a residential home

A) the setback requirements of a building from the property lines

39

In municipalities with planning commissions, the final authority in planning matters is the

ELECTED CITY GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS

40

Population background studies do NOT involve an
A) estimate of the population and location of various ethnic groups.
B) analysis of occupations of residents.
C) inventory of public and private land uses.
D) estimate of household income.

C) INVENTORY OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE LAND USES. Existing land-use studies are concerned with taking an inventory of all public and private land uses.

41

The legal right to enact zoning laws is derived from

police powers

42

Zoning ordinances regulate
A) the setback requirements of a building from the property lines.
B) the firewall rating of a wall located between the kitchen and dining areas of a restaurant.
C) all of these.
D) the electrical rating of the wiring in a residential home

A) the setback requirements of a building from the property lines

43

In municipalities with planning commissions, the final authority in planning matters is the

ELECTED CITY GOVERNMENT OFFICIALS

44

Population background studies do NOT involve an
A) estimate of the population and location of various ethnic groups.
B) analysis of occupations of residents.
C) inventory of public and private land uses.
D) estimate of household income.

C) INVENTORY OF PUBLIC AND PRIVATE LAND USES. Existing land-use studies are concerned with taking an inventory of all public and private land uses.

45

Zero lot line is a term used to describe the positioning of a structure on a lot so that one side rests directly on the lot's boundary line (no setback requirement).

TRUE

46

Environmental impact statements summarize the effect that proposed development will have on the surroundings.

TRUE

47

A planned unit development (PUD) is a self-contained development planned under special zoning ordinances that allow maximum use of open space by reducing lot sizes and street sizes.

TRUE

48

Economic base studies analyze the effect of base-industry employment in the area. Base industries are those industries that attract outside money to the area. Service industries are those establishments whose customers are primarily local residents.

TRUE

49

The Zoning Board of Adjustment handles appeals and requests from property owners for zoning changes.

TRUE